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Descentralização industrial no Brasil na década de noventa: um processo dinâmico e diferenciado regionalmente [Industrial decentralization in Brazil in the 1990's: a dynamic regionally distinct process]

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  • João Saboia

    ()
    (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ)

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    Abstract

    The article discusses the trends in Brazilian industry in the 1990’s. It shows some important changes that are going on the manufacturing sector, such as the loss of employment in the main industrial regions (Southeast) and the increasing number of jobs offered in the less developed ones (South, Center-West and some states of the Northeast). Apparently, the new enterprises are looking for lower wages and fiscal advantages, as well as the good infrastructure in the South of the country. It is proposed an indicator, which uses worker’s wage and educational data, as well as the share of scientific and technical labor, so that the industry located in the different regions could be compared. As expected, the workers in the new industrial areas receive lower wages and have less years of education. These results may represent a change in Brazilian industrial localization pattern, so that the interior of the country could be benefited as the firms decide their future investments.

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    File URL: http://www.face.ufmg.br/novaeconomia/sumarios/v11n2/SABOIA.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil) in its journal Nova Economia.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 2 (December)
    Pages: 85-122

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    Handle: RePEc:nov:artigo:v:11:y:2001:i:2:p:85-122

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    Related research

    Keywords: manufacturing industry; industrial employment; industrial decentralization;

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    1. Clélio Campolina Diniz & Marco Aurélio Crocco, 1996. "Reestruturação econômica e impacto regional: o novo mapa da indústria brasileira," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 6(1), pages 77-103, July.
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