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Les canards criminels et les limites de la violence dans la France de la première modernité

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  • Beam, Sara
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    Abstract

    Les canards criminels demeurent une source historique relativement négligée bien qu’ils four-nissent des informations importantes sur l’évolution des attitudes envers le crime et la violence masculine dans la France de l’époque moderne. Cet article compare ces pamphlets avec les récits de pardons et les mémoires judiciaires, en les abordant à partir de leur utilisation du mot « assassinat ». A la différence de ces derniers genres, les canards condamnaient le criminel et resituaient ses actes dans un contexte de pénitence chrétienne qui est généralement minoré dans les sources que les historiens utilisent habituellement pour comprendre la violence à cette période. Les canards définissent l’assassinat dans un sens bien plus large que le législation de l’époque moderne, et, ce faisant, ils dénonçaient les homicides et les attaques comme des crimes impardonnables. Alors que les récits de pardon tendaient à banaliser la violence masculine, surtout dans les élites, les canards étaient des anti-récits de pardon, qui les jugeaient violemment, et qui insistaient sur le fait que tous les crimes prémédités devaient être pleinement punis par la loi.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Editions NecPlus in its journal Histoire, économie & société.

    Volume (Year): 2011 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 02 (June)
    Pages: 15-28

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    Handle: RePEc:nec:hecoso:v:2011:y:2011:i:02:p:15-28_00

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