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L’investissement de Saint-Gobain en Italie. Stratégies d’expansion et cartellisation internationale, 1887-1914

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  • Bertilorenzi, Marco
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    Abstract

    Cet article décrit l’histoire de l’usine de Pise de Saint-Gobain de sa fondation en 1887 à la Première Guerre mondiale en analysant la manière par laquelle le cartel international des producteurs a influé sur la stratégie de développement de l’usine. Saint-Gobain avait conçu une « saison » d’investissement à l’étranger dans un cadre de forte compétition avec les autres grandes entreprises européennes à la fin du XIXe siècle et Pise représentait une partie importante de cette stratégie. Dès 1904, trois facteurs ont modifié la situation : 1) la branche de la glace connut une grave crise de surproduction ; 2) le marché italien, au contraire des autres marchés, s’agrandit de plus en plus ; 3) les entreprises s’associèrent en cartel international. Dans ce nouveau contexte, Saint-Gobain changea son attitude envers l’usine de Pise. Elle devint une sorte d’« avant poste » pour garantir l’importation en Italie des autres usines qui ne trouvaient pas de débouchés sur leurs marchés nationaux à cause de la surproduction. Mais la Première Guerre mondiale vint changer la situation.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Editions NecPlus in its journal Histoire, économie & société.

    Volume (Year): 2009 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 02 (June)
    Pages: 109-132

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    Handle: RePEc:nec:hecoso:v:2009:y:2009:i:02:p:109-132_00

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