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Explaining persistent unemployment in eastern Germany

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Author Info

  • John B. Hall
  • Udo Ludwig

Abstract

Relatively high rates of persistent unemployment plaguing the eastern region of Germany are argued to be caused especially by two factors engendering slack labor demand relative to supply. Demand for East German labor declined as (1) rapid privatization was followed by cross-regional capital flows, resulting in high levels of capital intensity and a dramatic shedding of labor. Reindustrialization and service-sector expansion proved too weak to generate sufficient labor demand. (2) Related to privatization, business headquarters moved to the west of Germany, resulting in a notable pattern of reindustrialization and the eastern region's specialization in intermediates vis-Ã -vis finished goods, engendering weak labor demand.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by M.E. Sharpe, Inc. in its journal Journal of Post Keynesian Economics.

Volume (Year): 29 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 (July)
Pages: 601-619

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Handle: RePEc:mes:postke:v:29:y:2007:i:4:p:601-619

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Web page: http://mesharpe.metapress.com/link.asp?target=journal&id=109348

Related research

Keywords: branch plant industrialization; German reunification; labor demand; neoclassical theory; neoliberalism; privatization; transition; unemployment;

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Cited by:
  1. Christian Merkl & Dennis Snower, 2008. "East German Unemployment: The Myth of the Irrelevant Labor Market," Kiel Working Papers 1435, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Juan Carlos Martinez Oliva, 2009. "Riunificazione intertedesca e politiche per la convergenza," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 14, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.

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