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Legislative Influences in Japanese Budgetary Politics

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  • Meyer, Steven A
  • Naka, Shigeto
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    Abstract

    Following World War II (W.W.II), Japan adopted a democratic parliamentary system. Since its formation in 1955 the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) had monopolized Japanese legislature (Diet) for over 35 years. However, it is said that at the center of the budgetary process was the Ministry of Finance (MOF). Elite bureaucrats rather than politicians are typically seen as the agenda-setter. The action of politicians, in particular members of the LDP, to influence the budgetary resource allocation has been largely unexamined. This paper empirically examines the influence of the LDP on the supplementary budget formation and on the revenue-sharing. The authors find that the LDP had a significant impact on the budget formation. Further, they find that the LDP manipulated transfers from the central government to local governments presumably to maintain its electoral positions. Copyright 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Public Choice.

    Volume (Year): 94 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 3-4 (March)
    Pages: 267-88

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:94:y:1998:i:3-4:p:267-88

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100332

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    Cited by:
    1. Kawaguchi, Daiji & Ohtake, Fumio & Tamada, Keiko, 2009. "The productivity of public capital: Evidence from Japan's 1994 electoral reform," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 332-343, September.
    2. Daiji Kawaguchi & Fumio Ohtake & Keiko Tamada, 2005. "The Productivity of Public Capital: Evidence from the 1994 Electoral Reform of Japan," ISER Discussion Paper 0627, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    3. Ian Lienert, 2005. "Who Controls the Budget: The Legislature or the Executive?," IMF Working Papers 05/115, International Monetary Fund.

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