Changing Household Composition and Female Household Heads--Causes and Implications
AbstractLabor market investigations attribute the weak labor force participation of German women to traditional role patterns. This article explores whether this interpretation can be confirmed by an alternate indicator--the proportion of female household-heads. Using PSID-GSOEP panel data, changes in the proportion of female household-heads are decomposed into changes in household composition (structural effect) and changes in role patterns (emancipatory effect). The empirical results indicate traditional role patterns to be more likely in US than in German partner-households. Both the increasing numbers of female headed households and the high emancipatory effect point to a redefinition of traditional role patterns in Germany. On the other hand bivariate as well as multivariate approaches prove only a weak causal relationship between the gender of household head and age, education-level and employment-level of both partners.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Volume (Year): 219 (1999)
Issue (Month): 3+4 (September)
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Demographic trends; economics of gender; family structure;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
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