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Optimal Operating Policies in the Presence of Exchange Rate Variability

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  • Sriram Dasu

    (Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089)

  • Lode Li

    (Yale School of Management, New Haven, Connecticut 06510)

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    Abstract

    We study the structure of the optimal policies for a firm operating plants in different countries. The relative costs of production between the plants are assumed to vary over time due to economic and political factors such as exchange rates, inflation, taxes, and tariffs. Based on the costs, the firm can alter the quantity produced in each plant. We determine the structure of the optimal policies for deciding when and by how much to alter the production quantities. When the switch-over costs are linear or step functions, regardless of whether the variable production costs are concave or piece-wise linear convex, and regardless of whether the firm is supplying one or more markets, the optimal policy is always a barrier policy. The optimal barriers can be determined by using linear programming techniques, and the optimal costs can be computed by solving a system of linear equations. When the number of optimal barriers is two, the optimal expected costs and the condition that determines the optimal barriers are explicitly derived.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.43.5.705
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by INFORMS in its journal Management Science.

    Volume (Year): 43 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 5 (May)
    Pages: 705-722

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    Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:43:y:1997:i:5:p:705-722

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    Related research

    Keywords: international operations; exchange rate variability; optimal policies; setup costs; synthetic fiber industry;

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    Cited by:
    1. Bengtsson, Jens & Olhager, Jan, 2002. "The impact of the product mix on the value of flexibility," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 265-273, August.
    2. Tang, Christopher S., 2006. "Perspectives in supply chain risk management," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(2), pages 451-488, October.
    3. Dong, Lingxiu & Kouvelis, Panos & Su, Ping, 2014. "Operational hedging strategies and competitive exposure to exchange rates," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 215-229.
    4. Jesús F. Lampón & Pablo Cabanelas-Lorenzo & Santiago Lago-Peñas, 2013. "Why firms relocate their production overseas? The answer lies inside: corporate, logistic and technological determinants," Working Papers 2013/3, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    5. Lampón, Jesús F. & Lago-Peñas, Santiago & Cabanelas, Pablo, 2013. "Can the periphery achieve core? The case of the automobile components industry in Spain," MPRA Paper 52879, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Benaroch, Michel & Webster, Scott & Kazaz, Burak, 2012. "Impact of sourcing flexibility on the outsourcing of services under demand uncertainty," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 219(2), pages 272-283.
    7. Chakravarty, Amiya K., 2005. "Global plant capacity and product allocation with pricing decisions," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 165(1), pages 157-181, August.
    8. Arcelus, F.J. & Gor, Ravi & Srinivasan, G., 2013. "Foreign exchange transaction exposure in a newsvendor setting," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 227(3), pages 552-557.
    9. Fisch, Jan Hendrik & Zschoche, Miriam, 2011. "Do firms benefit from multinationality through production shifting?," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 143-149, June.
    10. Cvsa, Viswanath & Gilbert, Stephen M., 2002. "Strategic commitment versus postponement in a two-tier supply chain," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 141(3), pages 526-543, September.

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