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From clusters to cluster-based economic development

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  • Christian H.M. Ketels
  • Olga Memedovic

Abstract

Over the last decades, changes in the global economy and the emergence of Global Value Chains (GVCs) have raised the interest in understanding the specific conditions and cross-company interactions within and across locations. For companies, the need to choose the right location for specific activities moved from an operational to a strategic issue. For countries, regions and cities, competition raised the stakes of understanding how to improve productivity and attract firms in specific fields beyond providing low factor costs and subsidies. Many countries, from natural-resource-rich, to transition economies, and to developed countries have launched competitiveness policies and cluster initiatives involving various stakeholders. The paper addresses how clusters can be leveraged for economic policy and what the role of different stakeholders in this process is. This paper summarises the cluster concept, focusing on the main theoretical framework and on recent empirical findings, and discusses key pillars of a cluster-based economic policy approach. The paper concludes with an application of the concept to resource-rich, oil-dependent economies.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Inderscience Enterprises Ltd in its journal Int. J. of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development.

Volume (Year): 1 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 375-392

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Handle: RePEc:ids:ijtlid:v:1:y:2008:i:3:p:375-392

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Web page: http://www.inderscience.com/browse/index.php?journalID=240

Related research

Keywords: cluster concept; competitiveness; economic performance; global value chains; GVCs; organised collaboration; cluster-based economic development; economic policy; economic diversification; resource-rich countries; clusters.;

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Cited by:
  1. Sklias, Pantelis & Tsampra, Maria, 2011. "Assessing regional integration and business potential in the Western Balkans," MPRA Paper 36341, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Mercedes Delgado & Michael E. Porter & Scott Stern, 2012. "Clusters, Convergence, and Economic Performance," NBER Working Papers 18250, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Martinovic, Danijela & Karisik, Jasmina & Bico-Car, Mirha, 2013. "Internationalization And Cluster Potentials With Special Emphasis On Wood-Processing Sector In Bosnia And Herzegovina," UTMS Journal of Economics, University of Tourism and Management, Skopje, Macedonia, vol. 4(2), pages 231-242.

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