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El Estudio De Casos Como Metodología De Investigación Científica En Dirección Y Economía De La Empresa. Una Aplicación A La Internacionalización / Case Study As A Methodology Of Scientific Research In Business Economics And Management. An Application Of The Internationalisation

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Author Info

  • Villarreal Larrinaga, O

    ()
    (Universidad del País Vasco (España))

  • Landeta Rodríguez, J.

    ()
    (Universidad del País Vasco (España))

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    Abstract

    La Economía de la Empresa, como ciencia social, y la Dirección Estratégica, como una disciplina científica específica de esta ciencia, requieren de metodologías de investigación para analizar los fenómenos empresariales objeto de estudio que sean capaces de recoger toda su complejidad. En determinadas circunstancias se hacen necesarias metodologías que combinen información de distinta naturaleza: cualitativa y cuantitativa, subjetiva y objetiva, interna y externa al propio fenómeno estudiado. El estudio de casos se ha erigido en los últimos tiempos como una de las metodologías de investigación científica “no habituales” con creciente utilización en las diversas áreas de la Economía de la Empresa. No obstante, las debilidades inherentes del estudio de casos han sido, aparentemente, argumento suficiente para ser cuestionado por la comunidad científica durante mucho tiempo. Nuestro objetivo en este trabajo es proponer un diseño metodológico para el empleo del estudio de casos en la investigación científica y reivindicar la validez del mismo cuando se dan las condiciones adecuadas, se sigue un diseño correcto y se aplica de una manera rigurosa. El diseño metodológico propuesto es representado y especificado en sus distintas etapas y ha sido aplicado con resultados satisfactorios en un estudio de casos múltiple sobre internacionalización de empresas, el cual utilizaremos para ilustrar la propuesta que formulamos. / Management, as a social science, and Strategic Management, as a specific scientific discipline of this science, require research methodologies that can deal with all of the complexities of the business phenomena to be analysed. Certain circumstances call for methodologies that can combine different types of information: qualitative and quantitative, subjective and objective, internal and external to the phenomenon under study. In recent years, case studies have become one of the “non-traditional” scientific research methodologies being used with increasing frequency in the area of Management. However, the inherent weaknesses in case studies have apparently been a strong enough argument for this methodology to be called into question by the scientific community for a long time. The aim of this paper is to present a methodological design for using case studies in scientific research and to assert the validity thereof under the right conditions, when the right design is used and when the methodology is strictly applied. The proposed methodological design is represented and specified in its different stages and has been applied with satisfactory results in a multiple case study on internationalisation, which we will use here to illustrate our proposal.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Academia Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa (AEDEM) in its journal Investigaciones Europeas de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa.

    Volume (Year): 16 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 31-52

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    Handle: RePEc:idi:jiedee:v:16:y:2010:i:3:p:31-52

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Investigaciones Europeas de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Vigo, Lagoas - Marcosende s/n, E-36310, Vigo, Pontevedra, España
    Phone: (+34) 986812473
    Fax: (+34) 986812401
    Web page: http://www.aedem-virtual.com/es/journal/iedee

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    Keywords: Estudio de Casos | Metodología de Investigación | Economía de la Empresa | Dirección Estratégica | Internacionalización; Case Studies | Research Methodology | Business Economics | Strategic Management | Internationalisation;

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