Defence Expenditure and Economic Growth in Malaysia: A Reassessment Using Bounds and Modified Wald Tests
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to reinvestigate the relationship between defence expenditure and economic growth in Malaysia, over the period from 1960 to 2006. The bounds testing procedure is used to examine the long-run equilibrium relationship between defence expenditure and economic growth. The bounds test suggests that the variables are co-movement in the long run, but defence expenditure and economic growth is negatively correlated in both the short and long run. Moreover, the MWALD test shows bilateral causality evidence.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by IUP Publications in its journal The IUP Journal of Public Finance.
Volume (Year): VI (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
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- Shahbaz, Muhammad & Afza, Talat & Shabbir, Shahbaz Muhammad, 2011.
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