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Macroeconomic Environment and Financial Sector’s Performance: Econometric Evidence from Three Traditional Approaches

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  • Muhammad Shahbaz
  • S M Aamir Shamim
  • Naveed Aamir

Abstract

Stable macroeconomic condition is the prerequisite for sound and healthy performance of the financial sector in the country. The study explores the impact of macroeconomic environment on financial sector’s performance in Pakistan. In doing so, it employs the Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS) approach for cointegration (long-run association) and error correction method for short-run relation. Also Ng-Perron test is used to find out the integrating order of the running variables. The present paper reveals that previous policies of financial institutions and economic growth have improved the level of financial development. Increases in both government spending as well as foreign remittances push the performance of the financial sector upwards. Contrarily, the efficiency of financial markets deteriorates on account of rising inflation due to its damaging impact, while literacy rate has a negative influence on the banking sector in Pakistan. Trade openness along with improved capital inflows open new directions to improve the development of financial markets in the country. Further, performance of the financial sector is attached to qualified institutions. The high savings rate declines the efficiency of banking sector and political instability retards the performance of financial markets.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by IUP Publications in its journal The IUP Journal of Financial Economics.

Volume (Year): VIII (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 & 2 (March & June)
Pages: 103-123

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Handle: RePEc:icf:icfjfe:v:08:y:2010:i:1&2:p:103-123

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Cited by:
  1. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Faridul, Islam & Muhammad Sabihuddin, Butt, 2011. "Financial Development, Energy Consumption and CO2 Emissions: Evidence from ARDL Approach for Pakistan," MPRA Paper 30138, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 Apr 2011.
  2. Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2011. "Do Imports and Foreign Capital Inflows Lead Economic Growth? Cointegration and Causality Analysis in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 29805, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 24 Mar 2011.
  3. Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2011. "Does financial instability increase environmental pollution in Pakistan?," MPRA Paper 31530, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Mar 2011.
  4. Muhammad, Shahbaz & mohammad, Mafizur Rahman, 2011. "The dynamic of financial development, imports, foreign direct investment and economic growth: cointegration and causality analysis in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 32181, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 12 Jul 2011.
  5. Satti, Saqlain Latif & Farooq, Abdul & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "Empirical Evidence on the Resource Curse Hypothesis in Oil Abundant Economy," MPRA Paper 50150, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Sep 2013.
  6. Imran, Kashif & Nishat, Mohammed, 2013. "Determinants of bank credit in Pakistan: A supply side approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 384-390.
  7. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Jalil, Abdul & Dube, Smile, 2010. "Environmental Kuznets curve (EKC): Times series evidence from Portugal," MPRA Paper 27443, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Tang, Chor Foon & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2011. "Revisiting the Electricity Consumption-Growth Nexus for Portugal: Evidence from a Multivariate Framework Analysis," MPRA Paper 28393, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Nuno, Carlos Leitão & Summaira, Malik, 2011. "Foreign direct investment-economic growth nexus: The role of domestic financial development in Portugal," MPRA Paper 34226, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Oct 2011.
  10. Muhammad Shahbaz & Faridul Islam, 2011. "Financial Development And Income Inequality In Pakistan: An Application Of Ardl Approach," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 36(1), pages 35-58, March.
  11. Kyophilavong, Phouphet & Salah Uddin, Gazi & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2014. "The Nexus Between Financial Development and Economic Growth in Lao PDR," MPRA Paper 57308, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 14 Jul 2014.
  12. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Qazi, Muhammad Adnan Hye & Muhammad, Shahbaz Shabbir, 2011. "Does Corruption Increase Financial Development? A Time Series Analysis in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 29640, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Mar 2011.
  13. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Abosedra, Salah & Sbia, Rashid, 2013. "Energy Consumption, Financial Development and Growth: Evidence from Cointegration with unknown Structural breaks in Lebanon," MPRA Paper 46580, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2010. "Does financial development increase rural-urban income inequality? Cointegration analysis in the case of Indian economy," MPRA Paper 27093, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  15. Monal Abdel-Baki, 2011. "The efficacy of the Egyptian bank reform plan in mitigating the impact of the global financial crisis," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 44(3), pages 221-241, August.
  16. Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "Does financial instability increase environmental degradation? Fresh evidence from Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 537-544.
  17. Sbia, Rashid & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "The Weight of Economic Growth and Urbanization on Electricity Demand in UAE," MPRA Paper 47981, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 Jul 2013.
  18. Muhammad, Shahbaz, 2011. "Electricity Consumption, Financial Development and Economic Growth Nexus: A Revisit Study of Their Causality in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 35588, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Dec 2011.

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