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Breeding Food Legumes for Resistance to Storage Insect Pests: Potential and Limitations

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Author Info

  • Gemechu Keneni

    ()
    (Holetta Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Faculty of Life Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

  • Endashaw Bekele

    ()
    (Faculty of Life Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

  • Emana Getu

    ()
    (Faculty of Life Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

  • Muhammad Imtiaz

    ()
    (International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), P.O. Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria)

  • Tebkew Damte

    ()
    (Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 32, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia)

  • Bayeh Mulatu

    ()
    (Holetta Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

  • Kifle Dagne

    ()
    (Faculty of Life Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

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    Abstract

    Storage insect pests cause significant losses of food legumes particularly in the Tropics and the Sub-tropics. The most important species of storage insect pests of food legumes include Callosobruchus chinensis , C. maculatus , C. analis , Acanthoscelides obtectus , Bruchus incarnatus , B. rufimanus , B. dentipes , B. quinqueguttatus , B. emarginatus , B. ervi , B. lentis and B. pisorum . Effective post-harvest insect pest control measures should constitute part of the overall crop husbandry practices for preserving the quality of produce. Storage insect pests are commonly controlled using chemical insecticides which, however, bear many drawbacks related to high cost, environmental pollution and food safety risks. Breeding legume crops to improve their resistance against storage insect pests, although having technical limitations, is the best way of overcoming these disadvantages in an environment-friendly manner. In this paper, we present the findings of our extensive reviews on the potential of breeding resistant varieties of food legumes against storage insect pests along with the major technical limitations one would likely encounter and the prospective ways of tackling them.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 9 (August)
    Pages: 1399-1415

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:3:y:2011:i:9:p:1399-1415:d:13771

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    Keywords: resistance breeding; food legumes; storage insect pests;

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