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Biosecurity on Poultry Farms from On-Farm Fluidized Bed Combustion and Energy Recovery from Poultry Litter

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Author Info

  • Barry Bowen

    ()
    (Biosystems Engineering, School of Agriculture, Food and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland)

  • Declan Lynch

    ()
    (Biosystems Engineering, School of Agriculture, Food and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland)

  • Deirdre Lynch

    ()
    (Department of Chemical & Environmental Sciences, University of Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland)

  • Anne Marie Henihan

    ()
    (Department of Chemical & Environmental Sciences, University of Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland)

  • James J. Leahy

    ()
    (Department of Chemical & Environmental Sciences, University of Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland)

  • Kevin McDonnell

    ()
    (Biosystems Engineering, School of Agriculture, Food and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland)

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    Abstract

    The spreading of poultry litter in recent years has led to a serious increase in levels of eutrophication, nitrate leaching, high Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), ammonia toxicity, high chlorine concentrations and pathogen contamination. The review presented here details the optimum standards that should be met when storing litter for On-Farm Fluidized Bed Combustion. Storage conditions are paramount to a fuel combusting to its highest possible potential. Safety measures such as the prevention of leaching and spontaneous combustion must be adhered to, so too should the prevention and containment of possible diseases and pathogens to minimize the effects of contamination.

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    File URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/7/2135/pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 7 (July)
    Pages: 2135-2143

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:7:p:2135-2143:d:8974

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    Web page: http://www.mdpi.com/

    Related research

    Keywords: biosecurity; storage; welfare; sustainable; energy;

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