The Welfare States in a United Europe
AbstractDespite the creation in Europe of a common economic and monetary union, the convergence towards a unique European Welfare State (EWS) model is not yet in evidence. By applying a §-Convergence panel data approach on real per-capita welfare expenditure, the paper analyses how the different types of welfare states and country-specific factors are conditioning the convergence of EU member states social policies. Our results suggest that a unique European model toward which the different countries are converging does not exist. Instead, we find evidence of strong heterogeneity among welfare states. While accounting for the sensitivity to national specificity of the earlier literature (Esping-Andersen, 1990), this methodology allows us to understand whether there exists a prospect for constructing a new ÔTransnational European Social Model' (Hay et al., 1999).
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by European Political Economy Infrastructure Consortium in its journal European Political Economy Review.
Volume (Year): 1 (2003)
Issue (Month): Spring ()
Welfare; Longitudinal Analysis; §-Convergence;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - General Welfare
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- F50 - International Economics - - International Relations and International Political Economy - - - General
- P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
- D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
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