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The Political and Economic Determinants of Budgetary Consolidation in Europe

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  • Carlos Mulas-Granados

    (Universidad Europea de Madrid)

Abstract

This paper explores the political and economic determinants of fiscal adjustment strategies in the European Union (EU) between 1970 and 2001. Results confirm the hypotheses that, besides economic conditions, fragmentation of decision-making, ideology of the party in government, and closeness to elections affect fiscal policy in general and adjustment strategies in particular. During the nineties, the ideology of the party in government has become the most powerful predictor of fiscal policies and strategies of adjustment. Evidence shows that in the new context, socialist governments prefer to use balanced budgets to finance supply-side policies of capital formation and to maintain public employment, and are reluctant to cut these expenditures even at the expense of public consumption and transfers.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by European Political Economy Infrastructure Consortium in its journal European Political Economy Review.

Volume (Year): 1 (2003)
Issue (Month): Spring ()
Pages: 15-39

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Handle: RePEc:epe:journl:v:1:y:2003:i:spring:p:15-39

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Web page: http://eper.htw-berlin.de/
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Related research

Keywords: Political Economy; European Union (EU); Fiscal Consolidation; Fiscal Adjustment;

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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Stratmann & Bernardin Akitoby, 2009. "The Value of Institutions for Financial Markets," IMF Working Papers 09/27, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Marcela Eslava, 2011. "The Political Economy Of Fiscal Deficits: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(4), pages 645-673, 09.
  3. Matthias Bauer, 2013. "Political Aversion To a Multilateral Fiscal Rule: The Dynamic Commitment Problem in European Fiscal Governance," Global Financial Markets Working Paper Series 44-2013, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  4. Robert Lavigne, 2006. "The Institutional and Political Determinants of Fiscal Adjustment," Working Papers 06-1, Bank of Canada.
  5. Marcela Eslava, 2006. "The Political Economy of Fiscal Policy: Survey," Research Department Publications 4487, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Ali Bayar & Bram Smeets, 2009. "Economic, Political and Institutional Determinants of Budget Deficits in the European Union," CESifo Working Paper Series 2611, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Tatiana Fic & Chetan Ghate, 2004. "The Welfare State, Thresholds, and Economic Growth," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 424, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  8. Jochen Mierau & Richard Jong-A-Pin & Jakob de Haan, 2007. "Do political variables affect fiscal policy adjustment decisions? New empirical evidence," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 133(3), pages 297-319, December.
  9. Carlos Mulas-Granados, 2005. "Fiscal Adjustments and the Short-Term Trade-Off between economic growth and equality," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 172(1), pages 61-92, June.
  10. Carlos Mulas-Granados, 2003. "The Trade-Off between Growth & Equality and the Economic Impact of Alternative Fiscal Adjustment Strategies in the EU," European Economy Group Working Papers 20, European Economy Group.
  11. Ignacio Lago-Peñas & Santiago Lago-Peñas, 2004. "Explaining budgetary indiscipline: evidence from spanish municipalities," ERSA conference papers ersa04p613, European Regional Science Association.
  12. Sebastian Dellepiane & Niamh Hardiman, 2012. "The New Politics of Austerity: Fiscal Responses to the Economic Crisis in Ireland and Spain," Working Papers 201207, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  13. Ali Bayar & Bram Smeets, 2009. "Economic and Political Determinants of Budget Deficits in the European Union: A Dynamic Random Coefficient Approach," CESifo Working Paper Series 2546, CESifo Group Munich.
  14. Sebastian Dellepiane & Niamh Hardiman, 2012. "Fiscal Politics In Time: Pathways to Fiscal Consolidation, 1980-2012," Working Papers 201228, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  15. Ringa Raudla, 2010. "Governing budgetary commons: what can we learn from Elinor Ostrom?," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 201-221, December.
  16. Bernardin Akitoby & Thomas Stratmann, 2010. "The value of institutions for financial markets: evidence from emerging markets," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(4), pages 781-797, December.

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