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Pollution as one of the Determinants of Migration: Evidence for Mexico

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  • Héctor González García

    ()
    (Candidato a doctor en Ciencias Sociales por el Tecnológico de Monterrey, campus Monterrey. Monterrey, N.L. Mexico)

  • José de Jesús Salazar Cantú

    ()
    (Profesor de planta, Departamento de Economía, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (itesm), campus Monterrey. Monterrey, N.L. Mexico.)

  • Raymundo Cruz Rodríguez Guajardo

    ()
    (Profesor de planta, Departamento de Economía, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (itesm), campus Monterrey. Monterrey, N.L. Mexico.)

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    Abstract

    Different variables have been proposed to explain the migration phenomenon; recently, environmental degradation has been increasingly prevalent in the literature as a determinant of migration. According to Jha and Whalley (2003), the environment-migration relationship can be theoretically demonstrated using the traditional Harris-Todaro (1970) model of rural and urban migration, in which the unemployment variable, if interpreted as damage, can be replaced by pollution. Using a cross-section model we present, in this study, evidence for Mexico to support Jha and Whalley, finding a positive relationship between migration and pollution.

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    File URL: http://www.economiamexicana.cide.edu/num_anteriores/XXI-1/03_EM_Contaminacion_y_migracion(69-92).pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by in its journal Economia Mexicana NUEVA EPOCA.

    Volume (Year): XXI (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January-June)
    Pages: 69-92

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    Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:21:y:2012:i:1:p:69-92

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    Keywords: migration; pollution; Mexico; Harris-Todaro.;

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