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Pobreza alimentaria y desarrollo en México

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  • Székely, Miguel

    (Tecnológico de Monterrey.)

  • Ortega, Araceli

    ((EGAP), Tecnológico de Monterrey.)

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    Abstract

    This study analyzes the effect of increments in the price of basic food basket over poverty in Mexico. Our main contribution is the estimation, for the first time, of price elasticity for the 22 goods included in the food poverty line, for the period 1992-2010 for the population as a whole, as well as for the poor and for the non-poor, respectively, using the quadratic almost ideal demand system (QUAIDS) method of Banks, Blundell, and Lewbel (1997). The analysis includes the construction of a food poverty series for 1950-2010, the decomposition of changes in poverty to identify the impact of price chances, the analysis of variations in consumption patterns for the poor. Our results lead to practical suggestions on how to smooth the price effect over consumption for poor households, and we also discuss alternatives for increasing the supply of goods that are critical for the poor’s consumption.// El presente artículo analiza los efectos de los cambios en los precios de los alimentos en la pobreza alimentaria en México. Las principales aportaciones del estudio son la estimación por primera vez para el caso mexicano de la elasticidad precio de la demanda para los 22 productos incluidos en la canasta alimentaria para el periodo 1992-2010, y la identificación de las diferencias en elasticidades entre la población pobre y no pobre usando el método quadratic almost ideal demand system (QUAIDS) de Banks, Blundell y Lewbel (1997). El análisis incluye la construcción de una serie de pobreza alimentaria para 1950-2010, la descomposición de los cambios en la pobreza que identifica la importancia del efecto del incremento en los precios, el análisis de las variaciones en la estructura de consumo de los hogares en pobreza alimentaria. De nuestros resultados se infiere propuestas concretas para amortiguar el efecto de aumentos en los precios sobre el consumo de los hogares, así como opciones para motivar la producción de bienes alimentarios críticos para los pobres.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Econónomico.

    Volume (Year): LXXXI (1) (2014)
    Issue (Month): 321 (enero-marzo)
    Pages: pp.43-105

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    Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:81:y:2014:i:321:p:43-105

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    Related research

    Keywords: México; pobreza; desarrollo.;

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