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Reformas al sistema de seguridad social y el mercado laboral en los Estados Unidos y Canadá


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  • Pagán, José A.

    (University of Pennsylvania y University of Texas-Pan American)

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    This study evaluates the labor market impact of the most recent reforms that have been proposed or implemented in the social security systems of the United States and Canada. The demographic changes experienced by both countries in recent years are an important challenge to the financial solvency of the public pension systems. It is inevitable that in the not too distant future the level of benefits will have to fall, the retirement age will edge up or the payroll taxes will increase so that the systems become financially sustainable. The demographic changes also indicate that privatization schemes will become more popular in the future because they do not redistribute income across generations but rather they are simply forced retirement savings schemes.// Este estudio evalúa el efecto en el mercado laboral de las reformas más recientes que se han propuesto o aplicado a los sistemas de seguridad social de los Estados Unidos y Canadá. Los cambios demográficos experimentados por ambos países en años recientes representan desafíos importantes para la solvencia financiera de los sistemas públicos de pensiones. Es inevitable que en un futuro no muy lejano los beneficios tendrán que disminuir, la edad de jubilación se incrementará o los impuestos de nómina tendrán que aumentar para que los sistemas sean viables financieramente. Los cambios demográficos también indican que los esquemas de privatización serán más populares en el futuro porque no redistribuyen el ingreso entre generaciones sino simplemente son más bien esquemas de ahorro obligatorio para el retiro.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

    Volume (Year): LXXI (4) (2004)
    Issue (Month): 284 (octubre-diciembre)
    Pages: 943-962

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    Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:71:y:2004:i:284:p:943-962

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    Keywords: seguridad social; pensiones; Estados Unidos; Canadá;

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