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Taxation and Ownership Structure in Supplying Foreign Markets

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  • Kostas Axarloglou

    ()
    (Democritus University of Thrace)

  • Frank G. Meanor, Jr.

    (Boston University)

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    Abstract

    We examine the impact of taxation on foreign direct investment (FDI) flows. Previous research has focused on the impact of the corporate income taxes on aggregate FDI flows. We contribute in the relevant literature in three areas. First, the flows of FDI are classified in two categories according to parent company’s share of ownership of its foreign subsidiary receiving the FDI flow: FDI to majority owned (MOS) and to minority owned subsidiaries (MIS). Second, three different taxation schemes in the host country are considered: the corporate income taxes, the capital gains taxes and the dividend withholding taxes. Third, we study the interactive impact of multiple taxations on FDI flows. Our empirical results indicate that both individually and interactively, the three tax rates have a strong and statistically significant impact on FDI flows to MOS and a much weaker impact on FDI flows to MIS.

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    File URL: http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume32/V32N4P685_698.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 32 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 4 (Fall)
    Pages: 685-698

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    Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:32:y:2006:i:4:p:685-698

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    1. James R. Hines, Jr., 1996. "Tax Policy and the Activities of Multinational Corporations," NBER Working Papers 5589, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Steven Cassou, 1997. "The link between tax rates and foreign direct investment," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(10), pages 1295-1301.
    3. Deborah L. Swenson, 2000. "Transaction Type and the Effect of Taxes on the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States," NBER Chapters, in: International Taxation and Multinational Activity, pages 89-112 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Rosanne Altshuler & Harry Grubert & T. Scott Newlon, 2000. "Has U.S. Investment Abroad Become More Sensitive to Tax Rates?," NBER Chapters, in: International Taxation and Multinational Activity, pages 9-38 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Michael J. Boskin & William G. Gale, 1987. "New Results on the Effects of Tax Policy on the International Location of Investment," NBER Chapters, in: The Effects of Taxation on Capital Accumulation, pages 201-222 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Jason Cummins & R. Glenn Hubbard, 1995. "The Tax Sensitivity of Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data," NBER Chapters, in: The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations, pages 123-152 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Campa, Joe Manuel, 1993. "Entry by Foreign Firms in the United States under Exchange Rate Uncertainty," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(4), pages 614-22, November.
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