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Evaluating impacts of institutional reforms on port efficiency changes: Ownership, corporate structure, and total factor productivity changes of world container ports

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  • Cheon, SangHyun
  • Dowall, David E.
  • Song, Dong-Wook
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    Abstract

    This paper evaluates how port institutional reforms influenced efficiency gains between 1991 and 2004. We constructed a panel data for port ownership, corporate structure, and port inputs and outputs for 98 major world ports, and we implemented the Malmquist Productivity Index (MPI) model. The MPI provides efficiency measures for input combinations that allow for obtaining the outputs in the presence of institutional reforms, ownership changes, main agent problems, technological progress, efficient scale growth, and many other reasons for efficiency and the lack of it. The results illustrate that ownership restructuring contributed to total factor productivity gains. The restructuring induced optimized operation of container terminals, especially for large ports, as it allowed specialized private entities to concentrate on terminal operation and cargo handling services.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review.

    Volume (Year): 46 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 (July)
    Pages: 546-561

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:transe:v:46:y:2010:i:4:p:546-561

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/600244/description#description

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    Related research

    Keywords: Port reform Port ownership Port corporate structure Port efficiency Total factor productivity changes Malmquist Productivity Index (MPI);

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    Cited by:
    1. Chang, Víctor & Tovar, Beatriz, 2014. "Efficiency and productivity changes for Peruvian and Chilean ports terminals: A parametric distance functions approach," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 83-94.
    2. Marta Gonzalez-Aregall & Xavier Fageda, 2013. "Regulation of Port Charges in Spain: Global versus Local Competition," ERSA conference papers ersa13p581, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Madeira, Armando Gonçalves & Cardoso, Moacyr Machado & Belderrain, Mischel Carmen Neyra & Correia, Anderson Ribeiro & Schwanz, Silvia Helena, 2012. "Multicriteria and multivariate analysis for port performance evaluation," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(1), pages 450-456.
    4. Tsionas, Mike G. & Merikas, Andreas G. & Merika, Anna A., 2012. "Concentrated ownership and corporate performance revisited: The case of shipping," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(4), pages 843-852.

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