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El “Caso España”: Un Repaso A La Ayuda Norteamericana Recibida Por España En Perspectiva Actual Y Comparada

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  • Jose Maria LARRU

    ()

Abstract

España tenía en 1959 la misma renta per capita que Chile, Costa Rica y Nicaragua. En la actualidad, sus niveles de vida son muy diversos. España pasó de un sistema autárquico en la década de los 40 sin recibir ayuda externa a un sistema abierto al comercio y la integración económica en los ochenta. Fue excluida del Plan Marshall, pero recibió ayuda americana y doce préstamos del Banco Mundial entre 1963-1977. El artículo detalla la cuantía y naturaleza de esta ayuda y muestra lecciones para la actual gestión de la ayuda al desarrollo en torno a la apropiación, la institucionalidad y la condicionalidad. También hace una comparación retrospectiva con Chile, Costa Rica y Nicaragua. Mientras España ha crecido entre 1959-1990 al 4%, Chile y Costa Rica lo hacen al 1.3% y Nicaragua al –0.4%, siendo éste país el que más AOD ha recibido. España muestra que recibir gran cantidad de AOD no es suficiente para salir de la pobreza, pero mientras que su ausencia la hizo perder bienestar en un –8% PIB, la ayuda recibida por el Banco Mundial la ayudó a multiplicar su renta per capita por 8,5%.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional.

Volume (Year): 9 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:9:y2009:i:9_4

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Related research

Keywords: Plan Marshall; España; condicionalidad; autarquía; Banco Mundial.;

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