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Relaciones intersectoriales en Latinoamerica en el periodo 1980-99: un analisis econometrico

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  • Guisan, M.Carmen
  • Aguayo, Eva
  • Exposito, Pilar

Abstract

El objetivo del estudio es analizar las diferencias de desarrollo economico existentes entre los paises latinoamericanos, teniendo en cuenta su situacion en 1980 y la evolucion durante el periodo 1980-99. En el analisis econometrico se combinan datos de 22 paises y se mide el impacto de la evolucion de la agricultura y de la industria sobre el sector servicios, destacando las causas y consecuencias del debil impulso que la industria ha tenido en muchos paises durante dicho periodo. En el analisis de las diferencias de crecimiento industrial se tienen en cuenta las interrelaciones existentes entre la produccion, el comercio exterior, la educacion y otros factores sociales e institucionales, y se destacan las politicas que pueden evitar los desequilibrios economicos e impulsar el crecimiento. This paper analyses the differences in economic development among the Latin America countries, taking into account its situation in 1980 and its evolution along 1980-99. In the econometric analysis we include data for 22 American countries, including also US and Canada, in order to show the impact that the evolution in agriculture and industry has had over the services sector. In this connection, it has to be mentioned the sparse increase of industry in this period in many of the Latin American countries. In order to explain the differentials in industrial growth, we consider the inter-relationships among output, foreign trade, education and other institutional and social factors. Finally, we recommend some policies addressed to avoid economic imbalances and to foster economic growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional.

Volume (Year): 2 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 7-26

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:2:y2002:i:1_1

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