Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Steigende EEG-Umlage: unerwünschte Verteilungseffekte können vermindert werden

Contents:

Author Info

  • Karsten Neuhoff
  • Stefan Bach
  • Jochen Diekmann
  • Martin Beznoska
  • Tarik El-Laboudy

Abstract

2013 will see a significant increase in the surcharge stipulated by the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) and paid by power consumers to promote the use of renewable energies. This will equate to a rise in the share of private households' consumer spending on electricity from around 2.3 percent on average in 2011 or almost 2.4 percent in 2012 to almost 2.5 percent in 2013. The EEG surcharge accounts for 0.5 percentage points of this, or 0.6 percentage points including VAT. However, these proportions are significantly higher for low-income than for high-income households. DIW Berlin calculated the regressive distribution effects of rising electricity prices in general and the increasing EEG surcharge in particular on the basis of the Federal Statistical Office's sample survey of income and expenditure (EVS) and the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) and extrapolated the results for 2013. The calculation indicates that households with the lowest income are especially adversely affected by the current price increases. To compensate for the social hardship of rising electricity prices for low-income households, the existing benefit systems could be adapted to anticipate price increases. At the same time, low-income households could be supported with tailored advice and financial assistance to enhance the efficiency of their electricity use and to ensure a lasting reduction of electricity expenditure. Another option would be to reduce the electricity tax for a basic volume of power consumption. Even if all three options were pursued in parallel, costs for public budgets are in line with revenue from VAT on the EEG surcharge, which is expected to increase to around 1.4 billion euros in 2013. Die EEG-Umlage, die Stromverbraucher für die Förderung von Strom aus erneuerbaren Energien zahlen müssen, wird im Jahr 2013 stark steigen. Dadurch erhöht sich der Anteil der Ausgaben für Strom an den Konsumausgaben privater Haushalte von durchschnittlich rund 2,3 Prozent im Jahr 2011 und knapp 2,4 Prozent im Jahr 2012 auf knapp 2,5 Prozent im Jahr 2013. Davon entfallen 0,5 Prozentpunkte - einschließlich anteiliger Umsatzsteuer 0,6 Prozentpunkte - auf die EEG-Umlage. Allerdings sind diese Anteile für einkommensschwache Haushalte deutlich höher als für einkommensstarke Haushalte. Das DIW Berlin hat die regressiven Verteilungswirkungen von Strompreissteigerungen im Allgemeinen sowie der steigenden EEG-Umlage im Speziellen auf der Grundlage der Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe (EVS) des Statistischen Bundesamtes sowie des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) berechnet und für 2013 fortgeschrieben. Es zeigt sich, dass vor allem die Haushalte mit den niedrigsten Einkommen spürbar durch die aktuellen Preissteigerungen belastet werden. Wenn man soziale Härten steigender Strompreise für einkommensschwache Haushalte kompensieren will, sollten die bestehenden Transfersysteme, zum Beispiel zur Grundsicherung, angepasst werden. Zugleich sollte durch Beratung und Finanzhilfen gezielt die effizientere Verwendung von Strom in einkommensschwachen Haushalten gefördert werden, wodurch Stromausgaben dauerhaft gesenkt werden können. Außerdem könnte ein allgemeiner Grundfreibetrag bei der Stromsteuer eingeführt werden. Selbst wenn alle drei Maßnahmen zusammen umgesetzt würden, läge die Belastung der öffentlichen Haushalte in der gleichen Größenordnung wie das Aufkommen aus der anteiligen Umsatzsteuer auf die EEG-Umlage, das 2013 auf rund 1,4 Milliarden Euro steigt.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.409391.de/12-41-1.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal DIW Wochenbericht.

Volume (Year): 79 (2012)
Issue (Month): 41 ()
Pages: 3-12

as in new window
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:79-41-1

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Mohrenstraße 58, D-10117 Berlin
Phone: xx49-30-89789-0
Fax: xx49-30-89789-200
Email:
Web page: http://www.diw.de/en
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Distributional effects power prices; historic development of prices; . - compensation mechanisms; efficiency;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Heindl, Peter, 2013. "Measuring fuel poverty: General considerations and application to German household data," ZEW Discussion Papers 13-046, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Jonas Frank & Jana Lippelt & Johannes Pfeiffer, 2012. "Kurz zum Klima: Die Energiewende und das energiepolitische Zieldreieck – Teil 2: Wirtschaftlichkeit und Bezahlbarkeit der Energieversorgung," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 65(23), pages 81-85, December.
  3. Dr. Ulrike Lehr & Dr. Thomas Drosdowski, 2013. "Soziale Verteilungswirkungen der EEG-Umlage," GWS Discussion Paper Series 13-3, GWS - Institute of Economic Structures Research.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:79-41-1. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.