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Nach der Einführung von Arbeitslosengeld II: deutlich mehr Verlierer als Gewinner unter den Hilfeempfängern


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  • Jan Goebel
  • Maria Richter


Durch die Zusammenlegung von Sozialhilfe und Arbeitslosenhilfe zum Arbeitslosengeld II kam es zu starken Veränderungen bei den verfügbaren Einkommen der Leistungsbezieher. Mehr als die Hälfte der Personen in Haushalten, die zuvor entweder Arbeitslosenhilfe oder Sozialhilfe bezogen, mussten Einbußen hinnehmen. Besonders häufig war dies bei Single-Haushalten und kinderlosen Paaren der Fall. Etwa ein Drittel der Leistungsbezieher wurde dagegen durch die Reform besser gestellt. So halten sich bei den Alleinerziehenden Gewinner und Verlierer fast die Waage. Insgesamt fielen die Verluste jedoch höher aus als die Gewinne. Der Anteil der von der Reform betroffenen Leistungsempfänger, die nach internationalen Maßstäben als einkommensarm gelten, ist von gut der Hälfte auf zwei Drittel gestiegen.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Wochenbericht.

Volume (Year): 74 (2007)
Issue (Month): 50 ()
Pages: 753-761

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:74-50-1

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Related research

Keywords: SOEP; Income distribution; Unemployment benefit II;

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Blog mentions

As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Le juge constitutionnel et la justice sociale
    by Arnaud Lechevalier in Arnaud Lechevalier on 2010-02-12 11:40:00
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Cited by:
  1. Baptiste Françon, 2013. "Who turned their back on the SPD? Electoral disaffection with the German Social Democratic Party and the Hartz reforms," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 14019, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  2. Bruno Amable & Baptiste Françon, 2014. "The Effect of the Hartz Reform on Unemployment Duration and Post-Unemployment Outcomes. A Difference-in-Differences Approach," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 14020, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  3. Andrey Launov & Klaus Wälde, 2013. "Hartz IV ist tot – Es leben die Hartz-Reformen!," Working Papers 1308, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, revised 01 Nov 2013.
  4. Andrey Launov & Klaus Wälde, 2013. "Thumbscrews for Agencies or for Individuals? How to Reduce Unemployment," Working Papers 1307, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, revised 01 Sep 2013.


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