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Returning to Victorian Competition, Ownership, and Regulation: An Empirical Study of European Telecommunications at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

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  • WALLSTEN, SCOTT
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    Abstract

    This article uses an original dataset to test the effects of government monopoly service, competition, and regulation on the development of the telephone industry in Europe in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Like today, there were stateowned monopolies in some countries, vigorous competition in others, and others with private firms operating under restrictive concessions. The main determinant of government control of the telephone sector was the state s involvement in the telegraph. Countries with competition between telephone providers and whose governments did not threaten to expropriate firms assets saw higher telephone penetration and lower prices, even in rural areas.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal The Journal of Economic History.

    Volume (Year): 65 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 03 (September)
    Pages: 693-722

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    Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:65:y:2005:i:03:p:693-722_00

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    Cited by:
    1. Germa Bel, 2009. "From Public to Private: Privatization in 1920's Fascist Italy," RSCAS Working Papers 2009/46, European University Institute.
    2. Florian Ploeckl, 2012. "Market Access and Information Technology Adoption: Historical Evidence from the Telephone in Bavaria," Economics Series Working Papers 620, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    3. Howell, Bronwyn, 2012. "Competition and Regulation Policy in Antipodean Government-Funded UltraFast Fibre Broadband Markets," Working Paper Series 2787, Victoria University of Wellington, The New Zealand Institute for the Study of Competition and Regulation.

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