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Sabotaging the Peace: The Politics of Extremist Violence

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  • Kydd, Andrew
  • Walter, Barbara F.
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    Abstract

    On Sunday 25 February 1996 a Palestinian student stepped onto acrowded bus in Jerusalem and detonated a bomb, killing twenty-sixIsraelis. One week later a second Palestinian detonated a bomb on aJerusalem bus, killing eighteen Israelis. The following day a knownMuslim extremist lay down on a busy street in Tel Aviv and blew himselfup along with ten Israelis. These attacks were designed to undermine andhalt what extremist groups viewed as the humiliating and misguidedPalestinian Israeli peace process, and within three months they hadachieved this goal. On 26 May 1996 Israelis replaced Prime MinisterShimon Peres with the more hawkish Benjamin Netanyahu, and soonthereafter negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authoritystalled. Although the bombings were clearly the work of a small band ofPalestinian extremists, these extremists were able to convince amajority of Israeli citizens to walk away from a peace process most ofthem strongly supported.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal International Organization.

    Volume (Year): 56 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 02 (March)
    Pages: 263-296

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    Handle: RePEc:cup:intorg:v:56:y:2002:i:02:p:263-296_44

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    Cited by:
    1. Jaeger, David A. & Klor, Esteban F. & Miaari, Sami H. & Paserman, M. Daniele, 2012. "The struggle for Palestinian hearts and minds: Violence and public opinion in the Second Intifada," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(3), pages 354-368.
    2. Gould, Eric D. & Klor, Esteban F., 2009. "Does Terrorism Work?," CEPR Discussion Papers 7589, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Caruso Raul & Klor Esteban F., 2012. "Political Economy Studies on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Introduction," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 18(2), pages 1-10, August.
    4. David A. Jaeger & M. Daniele Paserman, 2006. "Israel, the Palestinian Factions, and the Cycle of Violence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 45-49, May.
    5. Jaeger, David A. & Paserman, Daniele, 2005. "The Cycle of Violence? An Empirical Analysis of Fatalities in the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict," IZA Discussion Papers 1808, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. M. Daniele Paserman & Esteban F. Klor & Sami H. Miaari, 2011. "Can Militants Use Violence to Win Public Support? Evidence from the Second Intifada," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2011-046, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    7. Sandeep Baliga & Tomas Sjostrom, 2009. "The Strategy of Manipulating Conflict," Departmental Working Papers 200906, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
    8. Efraim Benmelech & Claude Berrebi, 2007. "Attack Assignments in Terror Organizations and The Productivity of Suicide Bombers," NBER Working Papers 12910, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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