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Was Italy a protectionist country?

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  • Federico, Giovanni
  • Tena, Antonio

Abstract

This paper aims at measuring as precisely as possible the changes in the level of protection in Italy from the 1870s to the 1920s i.e. during the first phase of the country s industrialisation. It shows that, contrary to conventional wisdom, protection was quite low with the possible exception of a short spell of time in the late 1880s 90s. Therefore the static welfare losses were small, but also the alleged dynamic role of protection in fostering industrialisation seems small as well. In the last section of the paper we speculate on the implications of these findings for other countries. This evidence is not conclusive, but it does cast some doubts on the relevance of protection in 19th century Europe.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal European Review of Economic History.

Volume (Year): 2 (1998)
Issue (Month): 01 (April)
Pages: 73-97

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Handle: RePEc:cup:ereveh:v:2:y:1998:i:01:p:73-97_00

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Cited by:
  1. Stéphane BECUWE (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Bertrand BLANCHETON (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113, 2011. "Tariff growth paradox between 1850 and 1913: a critical survey (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2011-24, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  2. Emanuele Felice & Giovanni Vecchi, 2013. "Italy’s Growth and Decline, 1861-2011," CEIS Research Paper 293, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 11 Oct 2013.
  3. Brian A'Hearn & Tony Venables, 2011. "Internal Geography and External Trade: regional disparities in Italy, 1861-2011," Economics Series Working Papers 578, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  4. Nadia Fiorino & Roberto Ricciuti, 2008. "Interest Groups, Government Spending and Italian Industrial Growth (1876-1913)," RSCAS Working Papers 2008/08, European University Institute.
  5. Antonio Tena Junguito, 2006. "Tariff History Lessons from the European Periphery. Protection Intensity and the Infant Industry Argument in Spain and Italy 1870-1930," Working Papers in Economic History wp06-08, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  6. Antonio Tena-Junguito, 2009. "Bairoch revisited: tariff structure and growth in the late 19th century," Economic History Working Papers 27869, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
  7. Antonio Tena Junguito, 2001. "Measuring Protection Over Time. Revenue And Protective Products In The 19th Century European Tariff Growth Debate," Working Papers in Economic History wh017204, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  8. Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke & Harold James, 2012. "Italy and the First Age of Globalization, 1861-1940," Economics Series Working Papers Number 94, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  9. Nadia Fiorino & Roberto Ricciuti, 2009. "Interest Groups and Government Spending in Italy, 1876-1913," CESifo Working Paper Series 2722, CESifo Group Munich.
  10. Tena-Junguito, Antonio & Lampe, Markus & Fernandes, Felipe Tâmega, 2012. "How Much Trade Liberalization Was There in the World Before and After Cobden-Chevalier?," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 72(03), pages 708-740, September.
  11. Michelangelo Vasta, 2009. "Italian export capacity in the long run perspective (1861-2009): a tortuous path to keep the position," Department of Economics University of Siena 572, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  12. Giovanni Federico & Antonio Tena Junguito, 1998. "Did trade policy foster Italian industrialization evidences from the effective production rates 1870-1930," Working Papers in Economic History wh985504, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  13. Emanuele Felice & Josep Pujol Andreu, 2013. "GDP and life expectancy in Italy and Spain over the long-run (1861-2008): insights from a time-series approach," UHE Working papers 2013_06, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Unitat d'Història Econòmica.
  14. Stéphane BECUWE (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Bertrand BLANCHETON (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2012. "The dispersion of customs tariffs in France between 1850 and 1913: discrimination in trade policy," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-13, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  15. Anna Missiaia, 2009. "Regional market integration in Italy during the unification (1832-1882)," Economic History Working Papers 27885, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
  16. Bohlin, Jan, 2005. "Tariff protection in Sweden 1885–1914," Göteborg Papers in Economic History 1, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economic History.
  17. Emanuele Felice & Giovanni Vecchi, 2012. "Italy’s Modern Economic Growth, 1861-2011," Department of Economics University of Siena 663, Department of Economics, University of Siena.

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