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Beyond the Environmental Kuznets Curve: a comparative study of SO2 and CO2 emissions between Japan and China

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Author Info

  • YAGUCHI, YUE
  • SONOBE, TETSUSHI
  • OTSUKA, KEIJIRO

Abstract

This study is the first systematic attempt to test statistically the contrasting hypotheses on the emission of SO2 and CO2, and energy consumption in Japan and China for the last few decades. We postulate the hypotheses that local governments have incentives to internalize the local external diseconomies caused by SO2 emissions, but not the global external diseconomies caused by CO2 emissions. To substantiate our hypotheses, we decompose emissions of SO2 and CO2 into two factors: the emission factor (i.e. emission per energy use) and energy consumption. The results show that the prefectures where past energy consumption was high tend to reduce the emission factor of SO2 significantly in Japan, while we do not find such a tendency in China. There is also evidence that neither per capita income nor past energy consumption affects the CO2 emission factor and energy consumption significantly in both Japan and China, implying that an individual country has few incentives to reduce CO2 emissions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal Environment and Development Economics.

Volume (Year): 12 (2007)
Issue (Month): 03 (June)
Pages: 445-470

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Handle: RePEc:cup:endeec:v:12:y:2007:i:03:p:445-470_00

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Cited by:
  1. Golley, Jane & Meng, Xin, 2012. "Income inequality and carbon dioxide emissions: The case of Chinese urban households," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1864-1872.
  2. Hiroyuki Taguchi, 2012. "The Environmental Kuznets Curve in Asia: the case of sulphur and carbon emissions," Asia-Pacific Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 19(2), pages 77-92, December.
  3. Hiroyuki Taguchi & Takashi Yoshida, 2010. "Environment Pollution Control : Advantage or Disadvantage for Latecomer's Economies in East Asia?," Microeconomics Working Papers 23079, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  4. Halkos, George & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2011. "Kuznets curve and environmental performance: evidence from China," MPRA Paper 34312, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Halkos, George & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2011. "A conditional full frontier modelling for analyzing environmental efficiency and economic growth," MPRA Paper 32839, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Nahid HOSSAIN & Yuzuru MIYATA, 2012. "Municipal Solid Waste Management of Toyohashi City: an Analysis by Environmental Kuznets Curve," Regional Science Inquiry, Hellenic Association of Regional Scientists, vol. 0(2), pages 97-110, December.
  7. repec:hrs:journl:v:4:y:2012:i:2:p:97-110 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Miyama, Eriko & Managi, Shunsuke, 2014. "Global Environmental Emissions Estimate: Application of Multiple Imputation," MPRA Paper 54772, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Brajer, Victor & Mead, Robert W. & Xiao, Feng, 2011. "Searching for an Environmental Kuznets Curve in China's air pollution," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 383-397, September.

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