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Trade Liberalization and Delocalization: New Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data

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  • Susan E. Feinberg
  • Michael P. Keane
  • Mario F. Bognanno

Abstract

The authors examine how U.S. multinational corporations (MNCs) and their Canadian affiliates responded to the substantial bilateral tariff reductions that occurred over the 1983-92 period. Using confidential firm-level data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, they focus on the MNCs' allocation of employment and capital across Canada and the United States. The authors find that Canadian affiliate employment and assets were negatively correlated with Canadian tariff rates, a pattern that contradicts the notion that Canadian tariff reductions would lead to a 'hollowing out' of Canadian manufacturing. They also find evidence of substantial heterogeneity in MNCs' responses to tariff changes, even within narrowly defined industries.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 31 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 749-777

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Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:31:y:1998:i:4:p:749-777

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Cited by:
  1. Marcel Mérette & Evangelia Papadaki & Jorge Hernandez & Yu Lan, 2008. "Foreign Direct Investment Liberalization Between Canada and the USA: A CGE Investigation," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 36(2), pages 195-209, June.
  2. Mukherjee, Arijit & Suetrong, Kullapat, 2012. "Trade cost reduction and foreign direct investment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 1938-1945.
  3. John Britton, 2002. "Regional Implications of North American Integration: A Canadian Perspective on High Technology Manufacturing," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(4), pages 359-374.
  4. Kjell Erik Lommerud & Frode Meland & Lars Sørgard, 2002. "Unionized Oligopoly, Trade Liberalization and Location Choice," CESifo Working Paper Series 777, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Michael P. Keane & Susan E. Feinberg, 2006. "Accounting for the Growth of MNC-Based Trade Using a Structural Model of U.S. MNCs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(5), pages 1515-1558, December.

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