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Optimum Discriminatory Tariffs under Oligopolistic Competition

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  • Hong Hwang
  • Chao-Cheng Mai
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    Abstract

    This paper attempts to present a simple Cournot model to determine the optimal discriminatory tariff rates, when the international market is a homogeneous (heterogeneous) product market. In the model, there are two foreign firms located in two different countries competing for sales in a local market. When the firms sell a homogeneous product and the home country can impose differential tariffs on imports from different countries, then the tariff on the low-cost producer should be hgher. In particular, with constant marginal costs the tariff difference should equal half the cost difference. On the other hand, if the firms sell differentiated products with symmetric linear demands and technologies, then the weaker the degree of product differentiation, the greater is the tariff difference compared with the cost difference.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.

    Volume (Year): 24 (1991)
    Issue (Month): 3 (August)
    Pages: 693-702

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    Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:24:y:1991:i:3:p:693-702

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    Cited by:
    1. Kolev, Dobrin R. & Prusa, Thomas J., 1999. "Tariff policy for a monopolist in a signaling game," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 51-76, October.
    2. Beladi, Hamid & Chakrabarti, Avik, 2008. "Foreign equity participation under incomplete information," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 279-295, July.
    3. Theodore To, 1999. "Dynamics and Discriminatory Import Policy," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1057-1068, August.
    4. Nigar Hashimzade & Hassan Khodavaisi & Gareth Myles, 2011. "MFN Status and the Choice of Tariff Regime," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 22(5), pages 847-874, November.
    5. Saggi, Kamal, 2004. "Tariffs and the most favored nation clause," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 341-368, July.
    6. Mehdi M. Chowdhury, . "Migration, Remittances and Competition in International Labour Market," Discussion Papers 09/02, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
    7. Thomas J. Prusa & Dobrin Kolev, 1998. "Tariff Policy for a Monopolist Under Incomplete Information," Departmental Working Papers 199705, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
    8. Pei-Cheng Liao, 2008. "International R&D Rivalry with Spillovers and Tariff Policies," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 55-70, February.
    9. Missios, Paul & Yildiz, Halis Murat, 2006. "The role of MFN under asymmetries in environmental standards," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 297-304, November.
    10. Horn, Henrik & Mavroidis, Petros C., 2001. "Economic and legal aspects of the Most-Favored-Nation clause," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 233-279, June.
    11. Tsai Pan-Long, 1999. "Regional Intergration, Foreign Investment, And Optimal Trade And Investment Policies," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 1-18.
    12. Saggi, Kamal & Sengul, Faruk & Yildiz, Halis Murat, 2007. "Sustaining multilateral cooperation among asymmetric countries: Does MFN help?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 543-562.

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