Les plantes génétiquement modifiées dans les PVD : entre discours et réalité
AbstractSince the middle of the Nineties, the question of Genetically Modified Plants (GMP) has tapped on the economic competition between the United States and Europe. Africa, emblematic continent for the problematics of development and the recurrent problem of hunger in the world, seems to be the ground of this opposition. GMO promoters base themselves on the aforesaid problems to justify the development of vegetable biotechnologies ; their opponents denounce the claim regarding the ability of GMPs to regulate the problems of hunger and development in the developing countries. In this global competition, the establishment of networks and relays, under United States? instigation, to support national institutes of research and to plead and work for a ?new genetic green revolution?, in these countries, does really not seem to enable the mastery of these new biotechnologies by the developing countries. Farming conditions and traditional knowledge too often remain apart from the biotechnological equation. This state of affairs is not without causing tensions, concerns and resistances in the milieu of small scale farmers.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Armand Colin in its journal Revue Tiers Monde.
Volume (Year): n° 188 (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-tiers-monde.htm
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