Variété, emploi et chômage aux Pays-Bas
AbstractIn economic theory, one can distinguish between variety as a source of regional knowledge spillovers, called Jacobs externalities, and variety as a portfolio protecting a region from external shocks. We argue that Jacobs externalities are best measured by related variety (within sectors), while the portfolio argument is better captured by unrelated variety (between sectors). We introduce a methodology based on entropy measures to compute related variety and unrelated variety. Using regional data for the period 1996-2002 for The Netherlands, we find that Jacobs externalities enhance employment growth, while unrelated variety dampens unemployment growth. Implications for regional policy follow. JEL classification: J60, R23, R58.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.
Volume (Year): n° 104 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-de-l-ofce.htm
production variety; labour market;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
- R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
- R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
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