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Teoretické aspekty environmentálnej politiky

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  • Lucia Gálová

    ()
    (Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov, Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave)

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    Abstract

    Znečistenie životného prostredia je v ekonomickej teórii hlavného prúdu interpretované pomocou teórie negatívnych externalít. Negatívna externalita vzniká, keď človek nenesie plne všetky náklady svojej činnosti a časť týchto nákladov prenáša na iných. Hospodársky subjekt /znečisťovateľ/ obmedzuje vedľajšími efektami svojej ekonomickej činnosti /znečistením/ hospodársky výsledok iného subjektu a vzniknutú škodu /resp. zvýšené náklady/ mu nekompenzuje. Začlenenie negatívnych externalít do výrobných nákladov znečisťovateľov sa označuje pojmom internalizácia externalít - vtiahnutím do výrobných kalkulácií a do rozhodovaní znečisťovateľov sa externé /vonkajšie/ náklady premenia na náklady interné /vnútorné/.Riešenie problému externalít ponúkajú regulačné limity, Pigouva daň, Coaseho teoréma alebo obchodovateľné emisné povolenia.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Ekonomická univerzita, Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov in its journal Almanach (Actual Issues in World Economics and Politics).

    Volume (Year): 2 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 30-42

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    Handle: RePEc:brv:almnch:v:2:y:2007:i:2:p:30-42

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    Related research

    Keywords: životné prostredie; znečistenie; negatívne externality; internalizácia externalít;

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