Tax Reform, Structural Unemployment and the Environment
AbstractThe effects of environmental tax reform, i.e., using the proceeds of a higher energy tax rate to lower the labor tax rate, on wage formation, employment, and environmental quality are analyzed in the context of a small open economy with structural unemployment caused by hiring costs. The authors find that such a reform may boost employment if it shifts the tax burden away from workers towards those without employment in the formal sector. Environmental tax reform succeeds in shifting the tax burden away from workers in the formal sector if higher energy taxes reduce earnings in the informal sector by reducing labor productivity. Copyright 1998 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Scandinavian Journal of Economics.
Volume (Year): 100 (1998)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
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Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1467-9442
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