Spillover Effects of Welfare Reforms in State Labor Markets
AbstractThis paper estimates the effects of welfare reforms on a state's employment and wage rates. Welfare reforms include: pushing welfare recipients into the labor force, financial incentives to recipients for working, wage subsidies to employers of recipients, and community service jobs for recipients. The effects of these policies are analyzed using a newly estimated model of state labor markets. Simulations show that jobs found by welfare reform participants cause sizable displacement effects for nonparticipants. Displacement effects of labor supply policies are highest when a state's unemployment is high, whereas displacement effects of labor demand policies are highest when a state's unemployment is low. Copyright 2002 Blackwell Publishers
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Regional Science.
Volume (Year): 42 (2002)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-4146
Other versions of this item:
- Timothy J. Bartik, . "Spillover Effects of Welfare Reforms in State Labor Markets," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles tjb2002jrs, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
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- Peter Schaeffer & Tesfa Gebremedhin, 2004. "Labor Market Size and Unemployment Duration: A Theoretical Note," Working Papers 200408, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.
- Robert Pollin & Jeannette Wicks-Lim & Heidi Garrett-Peltier, 2009. "Green Prosperity: How Clean-Energy Policies Can Fight Poverty and Raise Living Standards in the United States," Published Studies green_prosperity, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
- Peter B. Dixon & Maureen T. Rimmer, 2005. "The Displacement Effect of Labour-Market Programs: Estimates from the MONASH Model," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-154, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
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- Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Vassilis Tselios, 2011. "Welfare regimes and the incentives to work and get educated," Working Papers 2011-01, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales.
- Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés & Tselios, Vassilis, 2011. "Welfare regimes and the incentives to work and get educated," CEPR Discussion Papers 8187, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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