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Individual Investors and Local Bias

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  • MARK S. SEASHOLES
  • NING ZHU
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    Abstract

    The paper tests whether individuals have value-relevant information about local stocks (where "local" is defined as being headquartered near where an investor lives). Our methodology uses two types of calendar-time portfolios-one based on holdings and one based on transactions. Portfolios of local holdings do not generate abnormal performance (alphas are zero). When studying transactions, purchases of local stocks significantly "underperform" sales of local stocks. The underperformance remains when focusing on stocks with potentially high levels of information asymmetries. We conclude that individuals do not help incorporate information into stock prices. Our conclusions directly contradict existing studies. Copyright (c) 2010 the American Finance Association.

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    File URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1540-6261.2010.01600.x
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by American Finance Association in its journal The Journal of Finance.

    Volume (Year): 65 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 5 (October)
    Pages: 1987-2010

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:65:y:2010:i:5:p:1987-2010

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    Cited by:
    1. Orhan Erdem & Evren Arik & Serkan Yüksel, 2013. "Trading Puzzle, Puzzling Trade," Working Paper 05, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul.
    2. Masulis, Ronald W. & Wang, Cong & Xie, Fei, 2012. "Globalizing the boardroom—The effects of foreign directors on corporate governance and firm performance," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 527-554.
    3. Baltzer, Markus & Stolper, Oscar & Walter, Andreas, 2013. "Is local bias a cross-border phenomenon? Evidence from individual investors' international asset allocation," Discussion Papers 18/2013, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
    4. Green, T. Clifton & Jame, Russell, 2013. "Company name fluency, investor recognition, and firm value," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(3), pages 813-834.
    5. Giannetti, Mariassunta & Laeven, Luc, 2012. "The flight home effect: Evidence from the syndicated loan market during financial crises," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(1), pages 23-43.
    6. Camille Magron, 2012. "Performance of individual investors and personal investment objectives," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2012-07, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg (France).
    7. Baltzer, Markus & Stolper, Oscar & Walter, Andreas, 2011. "Home-field advantage or a matter of ambiguity aversion? Local bias among German individual investors," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2011,23, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
    8. McQueen, Grant & Stenkrona, Anders, 2012. "The home-institution bias," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 1627-1638.
    9. Desmond Lam & Bernadete Ozorio, 2013. "The effect of prior outcomes on gender risk-taking differences," Journal of Risk Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(7), pages 791-802, August.
    10. Hamberg, Mattias & Mavruk, Taylan & Sjögren, Stefan, 2013. "Investment allocation decisions, home bias and the mandatory IFRS adoption," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 107-130.
    11. Shive, Sophie, 2012. "Local investors, price discovery, and market efficiency," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(1), pages 145-161.
    12. Dahlquist, Magnus & Martinez, Jose Vincente & Soderlind, Paul, . "Individual Investor Activity and Performance," Working Papers on Finance 1408, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    13. García, Diego & Norli, Øyvind, 2012. "Geographic dispersion and stock returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(3), pages 547-565.
    14. Nilanjan Basu & Mathieu Chevrier, 2011. "Distance, information asymmetry, and mergers: evidence from Canadian firms," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(1), pages 21-33, January.
    15. Ovtchinnikov, Alexei V. & Pantaleoni, Eva, 2012. "Individual political contributions and firm performance," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(2), pages 367-392.
    16. Agnesens, Julius, 2013. "A statistically robust decomposition of mutual fund performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 3867-3877.
    17. Jung, Chan Shik & Kim, Woojin & Lee, Dong Wook, 2013. "Short selling by individual investors: Destabilizing or price discovering?," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 1232-1248.
    18. Berry, Thomas & Gamble, Keith Jacks, 2013. "Informed local trading prior to earnings announcements," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 505-525.
    19. Mishra, Anil V. & Ratti, Ronald A., 2011. "Governance, monitoring and foreign investment in Chinese companies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 171-188, June.
    20. Chen, Zhijuan & Lin, William T. & Ma, Changfeng & Tsai, Shih-Chuan, 2014. "Liquidity provisions by individual investor trading prior to dividend announcements: Evidence from Taiwan," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 358-374.

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