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Cash Holdings and Corporate Diversification

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  • RAN DUCHIN
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    Abstract

    This paper studies the relation between corporate liquidity and diversification. The key finding is that multidivision firms hold significantly less cash than stand-alone firms because they are diversified in their investment opportunities. Lower cross-divisional correlations in investment opportunity and higher correlations between investment opportunity and cash flow correspond to lower cash holdings, even after controlling for cash flow volatility. The effects are strongest in financially constrained firms and in well-governed firms, and correspond to efficient fund transfers from low- to high-productivity divisions. Taken together, these results bring forth an efficient link between diversification and corporate liquidity. Copyright (c) 2010 The American Finance Association.

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    File URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1540-6261.2010.01558.x
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by American Finance Association in its journal The Journal of Finance.

    Volume (Year): 65 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 3 (06)
    Pages: 955-992

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:65:y:2010:i:3:p:955-992

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    Cited by:
    1. Lee Pinkowitz & René M. Stulz & Rohan Williamson, 2012. "Multinationals and the High Cash Holdings Puzzle," NBER Working Papers 18120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Isil Erel & Yeejin Jang & Michael S. Weisbach, 2012. "Financing-Motivated Acquisitions," NBER Working Papers 17867, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Heitor Almeida & Murillo Campello & Igor Cunha & Michael S. Weisbach, 2013. "Corporate Liquidity Management: A Conceptual Framework and Survey," NBER Working Papers 19502, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Gao, Huasheng & Harford, Jarrad & Li, Kai, 2013. "Determinants of corporate cash policy: Insights from private firms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(3), pages 623-639.
    5. Naiwei Chen & Meiya Chang, 2013. "Financial Crisis and Corporate Liquidity: Implications for Emerging Markets," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 1-30, March.
    6. Erel, Isil & Jang, Yeejin & Weisbach, Michael S., 2013. "Do Acquisitions Relieve Target Firms' Financial Constraints?," Working Paper Series 2013-03, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
    7. Locorotondo, Rosy & Dewaelheyns, Nico & Van Hulle, Cynthia, 2014. "Cash holdings and business group membership," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(3), pages 316-323.
    8. Rahaman, Mohammad M. & Zaman, Ashraf Al, 2013. "Management quality and the cost of debt: Does management matter to lenders?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 854-874.
    9. Stefan Erdorf & Thomas Hartmann-Wendels & Nicolas Heinrichs & Michael Matz, 2013. "Corporate diversification and firm value: a survey of recent literature," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 187-215, June.
    10. Hertzel, Michael G. & Huson, Mark R. & Parrino, Robert, 2012. "Public market staging: The timing of capital infusions in newly public firms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(1), pages 72-90.
    11. Serfling, Matthew A., 2014. "CEO age and the riskiness of corporate policies," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 251-273.
    12. Acharya, Viral & Almeida, Heitor & Ippolito, Filippo & Perez, Ander, 2014. "Credit lines as monitored liquidity insurance: Theory and evidence," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(3), pages 287-319.
    13. Rudolph, Christin & Schwetzler, Bernhard, 2014. "Mountain or molehill? Downward biases in the conglomerate discount measure," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 420-431.
    14. Viral V. Acharya & Heitor Almeida & Filippo Ippolito & Ander Perez, 2013. "Credit Lines as Monitored Liquidity Insurance: Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 18892, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Takashi Hatakeda, 2012. "R&D Investment Smoothing and Corporate Diversification," Discussion Papers 2012-42, Kobe University, Graduate School of Business Administration.
    16. Aivazian, Varouj A. & Lai, Tat-kei & Rahaman, Mohammad M., 2013. "The market for CEOs: An empirical analysis," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 24-54.
    17. Kjenstad, Einar & Su, Xunhua, 2012. "Product Market Predatory Threats and the Use of Performance-sensitive Debt," MPRA Paper 44114, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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