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Options on Leveraged Equity: Theory and Empirical Tests

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  • Toft, Klaus Bjerre
  • Prucyk, Brian
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    Abstract

    The authors develop an option pricing model for calls and puts written on leveraged equity in an economy with corporate taxes and bankruptcy costs. The model explains implied Black-Scholes volatility biases by relating them to the firm's structural characteristics such as leverage and debt covenants. The authors test the model by comparing predicted pricing biases with biases observed in a large cross-section of firms with liquid exchange traded option contracts. Their empirical study detects leverage related pricing biases. The magnitudes of these biases correspond to those predicted by their model. The authors also find significant pricing biases for firms financed primarily by short-term debt. This supports their model because short-term debt introduces net-worth hurdles similar to net-worth covenants. Copyright 1997 by American Finance Association.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by American Finance Association in its journal Journal of Finance.

    Volume (Year): 52 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 3 (July)
    Pages: 1151-80

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:52:y:1997:i:3:p:1151-80

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    Cited by:
    1. Yan, Shu, 2011. "Jump risk, stock returns, and slope of implied volatility smile," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 216-233, January.
    2. Andrea Vedolin, 2012. "Uncertainty and leveraged Lucas Trees: the cross section of equilibrium volatility risk premia," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 43091, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Xu, Ruxing & Li, Shenghong, 2010. "Belief updating, debt pricing and financial decisions under asymmetric information," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 123-137, June.
    4. Martijn Cremers & Joost Driessen & Pascal Maenhout & David Weinbaum, 2004. "Individual Stock-Option Prices and Credit Spreads," Yale School of Management Working Papers amz2391, Yale School of Management, revised 01 Jan 2005.
    5. Hanke, Michael & Potzelberger, Klaus, 2002. "Consistent pricing of warrants and traded options," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 63-77.
    6. Ericsson, Jan & Reneby, Joel, 1996. "Stock Options as Barrier Contingent Claims," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 137, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 01 Feb 2002.
    7. Pascal Barneto, 2003. "La scission d'Eridania-Béghin-Say:essai d'évaluation par un modèle d'options réelles," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, vol. 6(2), pages 5-42, June.
    8. Câmara, António & Popova, Ivilina & Simkins, Betty, 2012. "A comparative study of the probability of default for global financial firms," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 717-732.
    9. Brown, Christine A. & Wang, Sally, 2002. "Credit risk: The case of First Interstate Bankcorp," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 229-248.
    10. Shibata, Takashi & Tian, Yuan, 2012. "Debt reorganization strategies with complete verification under information asymmetry," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 141-160.
    11. Marco Realdon, . "Valuation of Put Options on Leveraged Equity," Discussion Papers 03/19, Department of Economics, University of York.
    12. Bakshi, Gurdip & Madan, Dilip & Panayotov, George, 2010. "Returns of claims on the upside and the viability of U-shaped pricing kernels," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 130-154, July.

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