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Firm Size, Book-to-Market Ratio, and Security Returns: A Holdout Sample of Financial Firms

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  • Barber, Brad M
  • Lyon, John D
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    Abstract

    Fama and French (1992) document a significant relation between firm size, book-to-market ratios, and security returns for nonfinancial firms. Because of their initial interest in leverage as an explanatory variable for security returns, Fama and French exclude from their analysis financial firms, thus creating a natural holdout sample on which to test the robustness of their results. The authors document that the relation between firm size, book-to-market ratios, and security returns is similar for financial and nonfinancial firms. In addition, they present evidence that survivorship bias does not significantly affect the estimated size or book-to-market premiums in returns. The authors' results indicate data-snooping and selection biases do not explain the size and book-to-market patterns in returns. Copyright 1997 by American Finance Association.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by American Finance Association in its journal Journal of Finance.

    Volume (Year): 52 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 875-83

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:52:y:1997:i:2:p:875-83

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    Cited by:
    1. Huffman, Stephen P. & Moll, Cliff R., 2013. "An examination of the relation between asymmetric risk measures, prior returns and expected daily stock returns," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 8-19.
    2. Teixeira, João C.A. & Silva, Francisco J.F. & Fernandes, Ana V. & Alves, Ana C.G., 2014. "Banks’ capital, regulation and the financial crisis," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 33-58.
    3. Terrance Odean, 1999. "Do Investors Trade Too Much?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(5), pages 1279-1298, December.
    4. Zeng Liujing & Yong Hue Hwa Au & Treepongkaruna Sirimon & Faff Robert, 2014. "Is there a Banking Risk Premium in the US Stock Market?," Journal of Financial Management, Markets and Institutions, Società editrice il Mulino, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 27-42, July.
    5. Lajili, Souad, 2007. "Explaining the Cross-Section of Stock Returns in France : Characteristics or Risk Factors?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4169, Paris Dauphine University.
    6. Pastor-Llorca, Maria Jesus & Martin-Ugedo, Juan Francisco, 2004. "Long-run performance of Spanish seasoned equity issues with rights," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 191-215.
    7. Ravina, Enrichetta & Sapienza, Paola, 2007. "What Do Independent Directors Know? Evidence from Their Trading," CEPR Discussion Papers 6046, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Ebrahim, M. Shahid & Girma, Sourafel & Shah, M. Eskandar & Williams, Jonathan, 2014. "Rationalizing the value premium in emerging markets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 51-70.
    9. Vithessonthi, Chaiporn & Techarongrojwong, Yaowaluk, 2012. "The impact of monetary policy decisions on stock returns: Evidence from Thailand," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 487-507.
    10. Elshahat, A. & Parhizgari, Ali & Hong, Liang, 2012. "The information content of the Banking Regulatory Agencies and the Depository Credit Intermediation Institutions," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 90-104.
    11. Chang, Chiao-Yi, 2011. "The relationship between the 52-week high of an individual stock and stock market index level: Evidence from Taiwan," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 14-27, February.
    12. Stefan Kanne & Jan Klobucnik & Daniel Kreutzmann & Soenke Sievers, 2012. "To buy or not to buy? The value of contradictory analyst signals," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 405-428, December.
    13. George Leledakis & Ian Davidson & George Karathanassis, 2003. "Cross-sectional estimation of stock returns in small markets: The case of the Athens Stock Exchange," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(6), pages 413-426.
    14. Clovis Rugemintwari, 2010. "Investigation on the Comparative Persistence and Convergence of Risk and Non-Risk Adjusted Bank Capital Ratios," Working Papers hal-00916749, HAL.
    15. Slawomir Sklinda, 2006. "Application of fundamental multiples in capital asset pricing. An empirical verification on the Polish market (1998-2004)," Working Papers 9, Department of Applied Econometrics, Warsaw School of Economics.
    16. ALAM Nafis & TAN Ee Chain, 2012. "Impact Of Financial Crisis On Stock Returns: Evidence From Singapore," Studies in Business and Economics, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 7(2), pages 5-19, August.

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