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Does the Presence of Institutional Investors Influence Accruals Management? Evidence from Australia

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  • Grace C.-M. Hsu

    (UQ Business School, The University of Queensland.)

  • Ping-Sheng Koh
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    Abstract

    Recent debates on the corporate governance role of institutional investors have centred around whether they monitor their portfolio firms (exercise voice) or vote with their feet (exit). We examine these competing views in the context of how institutions' voice vs exit role, proxied by institutional ownership levels, is associated with their portfolio firms' earnings management in multiple settings. We extend Koh (2003, "The British Accounting Review", 35, 105-128) by examining the effect of both short-term and long-term oriented institutional ownership on the extent of earnings management by portfolios firms with different incentives for earnings management. Specifically, we expect that the non-linear relation between institutional ownership and earnings management found in Koh (2003) is more likely to be present for portfolio firms with stronger incentives to meet/beat earnings thresholds. Our results suggest that transient and long-term oriented institutions co-exist and have differential effects on portfolio firms' earnings management. Transient institutions are associated with upward accruals management, while long-term oriented institutions constrain such upward accruals management for portfolio firms that have strong incentives to do so (specifically, firms with non-discretionary earnings below prior year earnings). This suggests long-term oriented institutions can act as a corporate governance mechanism to mitigate aggressive earnings management. Overall, we find that the association between institutional ownership and earnings management is not systematic across all firms and is context dependent, suggesting complex associations between institutional ownership and earnings management strategies exist. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2005.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Corporate Governance: An International Review.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 6 (November)
    Pages: 809-823

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:corgov:v:13:y:2005:i:6:p:809-823

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    Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0964-8410&site=1

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    Cited by:
    1. Yves Mard & Sylvain Marsat, 2011. "Gestion des résultats comptables et structure de l'actionnariat : le cas français," Post-Print hal-00650550, HAL.
    2. Dimitropoulos, Panagiotis E. & Asteriou, Dimitrios, 2010. "The effect of board composition on the informativeness and quality of annual earnings: Empirical evidence from Greece," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 190-205, June.
    3. Stergios Leventis & Panagiotis Dimitropoulos, 2012. "The role of corporate governance in earnings management: experience from US banks," Journal of Applied Accounting Research, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 13(2), pages 161-177.
    4. Diego Prior & Jordi Surroca & Josep A. Tribo, 2007. "Earnings Management And Corporate Social Responsibility," Business Economics Working Papers wb062306, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
    5. Rashid Ameer, 2012. "Impact of cash holdings and ownership concentration on firm valuation: Empirical evidence from Australia," Review of Accounting and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 11(4), pages 448-467.
    6. Richard Chung & Scott Fung & Szu-Yin Hung, 2012. "Institutional Investors and Firm Efficiency of Real Estate Investment Trusts," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 171-211, June.
    7. Henry, Darren, 2010. "Agency costs, ownership structure and corporate governance compliance: A private contracting perspective," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 24-46, January.
    8. Jesus Sáenz González & Emma García-Meca, 2014. "Does Corporate Governance Influence Earnings Management in Latin American Markets?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 121(3), pages 419-440, May.

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