Business Cycle Accounting for Argentina Utilizing Capital Utilization
AbstractWe use a variation on the business cycle accounting method of Chari, Kehoe and McGrattan (CKM) to study the business cycle in Argentina from 1972 to 2006. The method uses real data together with the equilibrium conditions of a prototype growth model to measure four wedges that are explained by the variables of the model. These wedges can be viewed as distortions from a perfectly competitive economy and represent the result of a set of policies and institutions which affect productivity and factors input. The accounting procedure allows us to analyze the Argentine economy over a time period that has been subjected to several structural breaks that can be associated with different economic regimes. CKM show that a large class of economic models, including those with various additional features (e.g., financial frictions, nominal rigidities, entrepreneur decisions, and monetary shocks) are equivalent to a prototype growth model with time-varying wedges. Institutions, public policies, fiscal, monetary, income and labor policies affect the four wedges and therefore affect the allocations of capital and labor, net exports and productivity in the economy. In their standard model for business cycle accounting, CKM use four wedges that are explained by four variables of the model. In our paper we emphasize the evolution of labor and capital wedge as well as that of factor productivity. The growth accounting technology provides an alternative window through which we can decompose the economic history of a country. The narrative of economic history frequently points out that particular policies were favorable to one or another factor or that much of the evolution of the period was based on Solow residuals or total factor productivity. The growth accounting technique allows us to decompose the business cycle and growth of Argentina into a net export component, a total factor productivity component, and components that functions as taxes on labor and on capital. Determining which wedges are most important for explaining the Argentine business cycle is a first step towards determining which frictions are most important in generating a productive RBC model of Argentina, especially if these models are to be used for forecasting or for analyzing monetary policy and monetary transmission channels. This paper makes two contributions to the literature. First, we provide a method for extracting the wedge that functions as a capital tax by adding to the model capital utilization as a household decision variable and then applying the data on capital utilization to the wedge extraction process. Applying the model to Argentina, we find that all four wedges are important in explaining the evolution of output over this period (although net exports is the least important). With this method, the wedge for the tax on capital makes a substantial contribution in the explaining the business cycle of Argentina (while the earlier method resulted in very little explanatory power for the capital wedge for the United States). This result may come from the method or may come from the greater importance that the capital wedge has in Argentina. Notable is the large negative correlation between total factor productivity wedge and the capital tax wedge. The second contribution is applying this method to Argentina and comparing the results of the growth accounting technique to the narrative history. The major political subperiods can be charaterized by the relative importance of each wedge.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department in its journal Ensayos Económicos.
Volume (Year): 1 (2008)
Issue (Month): 50 (January - March)
Argentina; business cycle; capital utilization; distortion measures; growth accounting;
Other versions of this item:
- Tiago Cavalcanti & Pedro Elosegui & George McCandless & Emilio Blanco, 2008. "Business Cycle Accounting for Argentina Utilizing Capital Utilization," BCRA Working Paper Series 200830, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.
- E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Capital; Investment; Capacity
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- V. V. Chari & Patrick Kehoe & Ellen McGrattan, 2004.
"Business Cycle Accounting,"
122247000000000560, UCLA Department of Economics.
- V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 2002. "Business cycle accounting," Working Papers 625, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
- V.V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen McGrattan, 2004. "Business Cycle Accounting," NBER Working Papers 10351, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 2006. "Business cycle accounting," Staff Report 328, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
- V V Chari & Patrick J Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 2003. "Business Cycle Accounting," Levine's Bibliography 506439000000000421, UCLA Department of Economics.
- Pablo A. Neumeyer & Fabrizio Perri, 2004.
"Business cycles in emerging economies: the role of interest rates,"
335, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
- Neumeyer, Pablo A. & Perri, Fabrizio, 2005. "Business cycles in emerging economies: the role of interest rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 345-380, March.
- Pablo Andres Neumeyer & Fabrizio Perri, 1999. "Business Cycles in Emerging Economies: the role of interest rates," Department of Economics Working Papers 014, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella.
- Neumeyer, Pablo Andrés & Perri, Fabrizio, 2004. "Business Cycles in Emerging Economies: The Role of Interest Rates," CEPR Discussion Papers 4482, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Pablo A. Neumeyer & Fabrizio Perri, 2004. "Business Cycles in Emerging Economies: The Role of Interest Rates," NBER Working Papers 10387, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Pablo A. Neumeyer & Fabrizio Perri, 2001. "Business Cycles in Emerging Economies:The Role of Interest Rates," Working Papers 01-12, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
- Tiago Cavalcanti, 2007. "Business cycle and level accounting: the case of Portugal," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 47-64, April.
- Werner Baer & Pedro Elosegui & Andres Gallo, 2002. "The Achievements and Failures of Argentina's Neo-liberal Economic Policies," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(1), pages 63-85.
- Harold L. Cole & Lee E. Ohanian, 2002. "The U.S. and U.K. Great Depressions Through the Lens of Neoclassical Growth Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 28-32, May.
- Edgardo E. Zablotsky, 1992. "A Public Choice Approach to Military Coups d'Etat," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 85, Universidad del CEMA.
- Edward C. Prescott, 2002. "Prosperity and Depression," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 1-15, May.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Federico Grillo).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.