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Estudos Econômicos das Causas da Criminalidade no Brasil: Evidências e Controvérsias

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  • Marcelo Justus dos Santos

    (Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa)

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    Abstract

    O objetivo deste estudo é reunir e discutir os estudos econômicos da criminalidade realizados no Brasil. Apresentam-se as principais dificuldades, evidências e controvérsias encontradas nas pesquisas empíricas, além de algumas das principais bases de dados criminais disponíveis. A geral indisponibilidade de dados, a alta taxa de sub-registro nos dados oficiais e a causalidade inversa entre as variáveis de desterrense e as taxas de crimes são algumas das principais dificuldades inerentes à investigação econômica do crime. A maior controvérsia entre os estudos é o efeito da segurança pública sobre as taxas de crimes. As principais evidências são que a desigualdade de renda e os retornos do crime parecem ser fatores de incremento da criminalidade. Além disso, há efeitos espaciais afetando a criminalidade. Por fim, é um fato estilizado" na literatura que a criminalidade está sujeita aos efeitos de inércia.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its journal Economia.

    Volume (Year): 9 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 343-372

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    Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:9:y:2008:i:2:343-372

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    Related research

    Keywords: Economia do Crime; Criminalidade; Violência;

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