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Pobreza no Brasil. O que há de novo no limiar do século XXI?

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  • Sonia Rocha
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    Abstract

    The persistence of absolute poverty in Brazil is associated with high levels of income inequality. For this article, this association is the departing point for presenting a schematic evolution of poverty in Brazil in the last three decades: a sharp decline in the seventies as income grew at high rates; fluctuations of poverty incidence following the short-term economic trends in the eighties and early nineties; finally the reduction after the 1994 Real Plan, which brought poverty incidence to a level where it has stabilized in the 1995/1999 period. This stability of poverty incidence for the country as a whole encompasses quite different local situations, for instance, deterioration in metropolises, specially São Paulo. Metropolitan labor market indicators for the last five years show a sharp decline of the number of jobs for the least qualified workers, which has the effect of adversely affecting poverty and inequality.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its journal Economia.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January-June)
    Pages: 73-106

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    Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:2:y:2001:i:1:p:73-106

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    Keywords: poverty; income; inequality; employment;

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