O Problema do Trabalho Infantil na Agricultura familiar: o caso da produÃ§Ã£o de tabaco em Agudo-RS
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to analyze the emergence of the child labor problem in tobacco growing in Agudo (Rio Grande do Sul state), triggered by the promulgation of Act 6.481/2008, which addresses the worst child labor conditions. The methodological procedures used were the literature review, desk research and a case study, conducted in the municipality of Agudo. In the case study, we have tried to obtain quantitative and qualitative data through questionnaires and open interviews directed to 27 tobacco growers, and with teenagers and children under 18 years old. The survey results indicate the existence of a clash between different conceptions of child labor in small scale family farmers. The legal devices, the commitment terms and the tobacco supply chain contracts forbid child labor below the age of 18 based on international agreements and regulations which guarantee childhood development. From the perspective of the families, child labor is understood as â€œhelpâ€ and a way of socialization and training of the inheritor. Therefore, parents do not agree that child labor is a perverse form of labor exploitation of their children.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia e Sociologia Rural in its journal Brazilian Journal of Rural Economy and Sociology (RESR).
Volume (Year): 50 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Childhood; labor; family farming; tobacco growing.; Agribusiness; J13; J28; J47; J62; J81.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
- J47 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Coercive Labor Markets
- J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
- J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions
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