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Perturbaciones provocadas por la nueva PAC en las decisiones de ajuste estrategico en sistemas agrarios andaluces

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  • Gallardo, Rosa Karina
  • Ramos, Fernando
  • Ramos, Eduardo
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    Abstract

    RESUMEN: Las sucesivas reformas de la Política Agraria Común (PAC) han diseñado distintos instrumentos de protección para los productos continentales y para los productos mediterráneos en Europa, lo que ha originado diferentes estrategias de ajuste por parte de los agricultores frente a estos procesos. Los empresarios agrarios de zonas donde conviven ambos tipos de productos (continentales y mediterráneos), se ven sometidos a medidas de protección que pueden derivar hacia lógicas económicas contradictorias y constituir un obstáculo para los procesos de ajuste y modernización que se pretenden fomentar desde la UE. Este artículo aborda el estudio de los efectos de las reformas de la PAC en sistemas agrarios andaluces con presencia de producciones continentales (principalmente cereales) y mediterráneas (específicamente: olivar). El resultado de la estrategia de ajuste observada es que muchos empresarios optan por considerar variables económicas de decisión, que en principio, tienden a priorizar las decisiones a corto plazo de maximización de la liquidez, frente a perspectivas a más largo plazo que consideren como objetivo la remuneración de los factores involucrados en el proceso de producción. La cuantificación de este último objetivo se realiza a través de una serie de indicadores de competitividad. A partir de los resultados obtenidos para 1998, se realizan simulaciones para analizar la competitividad de estos sistemas de producción en el nuevo escenario de reforma de la PAC contemplado en la Agenda 2000, al finalizar su periodo de aplicación previsto (año 2006). SUMMARY: The reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have selected instruments to protect continental crops, which are different from those used to support Mediterranean products. This fact has also led to different adjustment farming strategies. On the other hand, in areas where both types of products coexist, farmers are subject to conflicting instruments leading to contradictory economic rationale; this, in turn, poses an obstacle to pretended adjustment and modenisation processes. This paper approaches the analysis of the effects of the CAP reforms on some agricultural Andalusian systems which are endowed with both continental (mainly grains) and Mediterranean (mainly olives) products. Observed strategies seem to indicate that a large majority of farmers are inclined to consider decisional economic variables which tend to give priority to short term plans to maximize cash vis a vis the long run approach which seeks to remunerate all productive factors. Some indicators related to competitiveness are defined to quantify the above mentioned strategies. Using the results obtained for 1.998 some sensitivity tests are applied to Andalusian agricultural systems, referred above, during the period of the Agenda 2000; i.e. from 2000 to 2006.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists in its journal Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales.

    Volume (Year): 02 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 01 ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:ags:earnsa:28752

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    Keywords: Common Agriculture Policy (CAP). Competitiveness; Agricultural Systems; farming adjustment strategies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18;

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