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Networks as Public Infrastructure: Externalities, Efficiency, and Implementation



First a non-cooperative model of network formation is investigated where link formation is one-sided and information flow is two-way. For that model, the relationship between different notions of efficient networks is studied: Pareto optimal networks on the one hand and welfare maximizing networks on the other hand. Strategic network formation is compared with funding schemes for public goods. Second, we extend the model and review earlier findings how a pre-existing network affects existence of Nash equilibria and efficiency of Nash equilibrium outcomes of the strategic network formation game: It can foster or prohibit existence of Nash equilibria. It can improve or worsen equilibrium welfare. Finally, we treat the pre-existing network as public infrastructure and design and analyze a subscription game for the public provision of that infrastructure.

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  • Hans Haller, 2013. "Networks as Public Infrastructure: Externalities, Efficiency, and Implementation," Working Papers e07-36, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:vpi:wpaper:e07-36

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    Network externalities; Efficiency; Strategic network formation; Network extension; Implementation;

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