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Learning, Incomplete Contracts and Ecport Dynamics: Theory and Evidence from French Firms

We consider a model where exporting requires finding a local partner in each market. Contracts are incomplete and exporters must learn the reliability of their partners through experience. In the model, export behavior is state-dependent due to matching frictions, although there are no sunk costs. Better legal institutions alleviate contracting frictions especially in sectors with large contracting problems. Thus, measures of legal quality have a greater positive impact on state dependence and reduce hazard rates by more in those sectors that are more exposed to hold-up problems. Moreover, hazard rates decline with relation age, as unreliable partners are weeded out. We find strong evidence in favor of the model's predictions when testing them with a French dataset which includes information on firm-level exports by destination country.

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File URL: http://homepage.univie.ac.at/Papers.Econ/RePEc/vie/viennp/vie1006.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Vienna, Department of Economics in its series Vienna Economics Papers with number 1006.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:vie:viennp:1006
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.univie.ac.at/vwl

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  4. Facundo Albornoz & Hector Calvo-Pardo & Gregory Corcos & Emanuel Ornelas, 2010. "Sequential Exporting," CEP Discussion Papers dp0974, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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  14. Gabriel J Felbermayr & Benjamin Jung, 2009. "Trade Intermediation and the Organization of Exporters," Diskussionspapiere aus dem Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre der Universität Hohenheim 309/2009, Department of Economics, University of Hohenheim, Germany.
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  17. Besedes, Tibor & Prusa, Thomas J., 2006. "Product differentiation and duration of US import trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 339-358, December.
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  19. Josep M Vilarrubia & Rubén Segura-Cayuela, 2008. "Uncertainty and entry into export markets," 2008 Meeting Papers 661, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  20. Nathan Nunn, 2007. "Relationship-Specificity, Incomplete Contracts, and the Pattern of Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 122(2), pages 569-600, 05.
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  32. repec:stn:sotoec:1003 is not listed on IDEAS
  33. Rubén Segura-Cayuela & Josep M. Vilarrubia, 2008. "Uncertainty and entry into export markets," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0811, Banco de Espa�a.
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