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Asymmetric Fiscal Stabilization Policy and the Public Deficit: Theory and Evidence

This paper studies the implications of asymmetric fiscal stabilization policy for the budget deficit. In our model, the government is more concerned about downturns than upturns in economic activity and therefore conducts fiscal stabilization policy in a precautionary way. We show that this type of behavior results in a deficit which on average exceeds its target levelt. We test our hypothesis empirically and find that asymmetric preferences for output stabilization are consistent with how fiscal policy was conducted in a sample of OECD countries during 1987-2005. According to our estimates, the upward bias due to precautionary behavior accounted for roughly 13 percent of the average deficit.

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File URL: http://homepage.univie.ac.at/Papers.Econ/RePEc/vie/viennp/vie0908.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Vienna, Department of Economics in its series Vienna Economics Papers with number 0908.

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Date of creation: May 2009
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Handle: RePEc:vie:viennp:0908
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.univie.ac.at/vwl

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  19. Morten O. Ravn & Harald Uhlig, 2002. "On adjusting the Hodrick-Prescott filter for the frequency of observations," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 371-375.
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  22. Alesina, A. & Drazen, A., 1991. "Why Are Stabilizations Delayed?," Papers 6-91, Tel Aviv - the Sackler Institute of Economic Studies.
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  25. Henning Bohn, 1998. "The Behavior of U. S. Public Debt and Deficits," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(3), pages 949-963.
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