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Group-based inequalities: The case of Viet Nam

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  • Dang Thi Thu Hoai

Abstract

This paper examines the issue of horizontal inequalities in Viet Nam over the past 20 years. Using data from three recent Viet Nam population censuses (1989, 1999, and 2009) and three Viet Nam Household Living Standard Surveys (1998, 2008, 2012), we estimated numerous measures on inequalities between different ‘ethnic’ groups against several welfare indicators. Our results show that horizontal inequality matters in Viet Nam, in particular for ethnicity, region, and rural/urban groups. While there has been an improvement in horizontal inequality in education, this paper shows little change in other welfare indicators, in particular poverty. We also found that horizontal inequality does matter for poverty reduction in Viet Nam and it needs more attention when designing poverty policies in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Dang Thi Thu Hoai, 2017. "Group-based inequalities: The case of Viet Nam," WIDER Working Paper Series 018, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2017-18
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    1. Nancy Birdsall & Thomas C. Pinckney & Richard H. Sabot, 1996. "Why Low Inequality Spurs Growth: Savings and Investment by the Poor," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 63478, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Nancy Birdsall & Thomas C. Pinckney & Richard H. Sabot, 1996. "Why Low Inequality Spurs Growth: Savings and Investment by the Poor," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6070, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Singhal Saurabh & Beck Ulrik, 2015. "Ethnic disadvantage in Vietnam: Evidence using panel data," WIDER Working Paper Series 097, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. van de Walle, Dominique & Gunewardena, Dileni, 2001. "Sources of ethnic inequality in Viet Nam," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 177-207, June.
    5. Nidhiya Menon & Yana van der Meulen Rodgers, 2010. "Gender Differences in Socioeconomic Status and Health: Evidence from the 2008 Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey," Working Papers 18, Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Businesss School.
    6. Nancy Birdsall & Thomas C. Pinckney & Richard H. Sabot, 1996. "Why Low Inequality Spurs Growth: Savings and Investment by the Poor," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6418, Inter-American Development Bank.
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