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The role and effectiveness of Special Economic Zones in Tanzania

Author

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  • Abel Kinyondo
  • Carol Newman
  • Finn Tarp

Abstract

Special Economic Zones (SEZs) have been successfully used as an industrial policy tool in many countries. Efforts to create SEZs in Tanzania began in 2002, and were stepped up through the establishment of the Export Processing Zone Authority (EPZA) in 2006. A number of state-run zones are now in existence. Little is known, however, about how successful they have been. This paper aims to help fill this gap by exploring the role of state-owned SEZs in Tanzania. The focus is on understanding the nature and extent of interactions between firms and their employees within zones, the extent to which zones facilitate technology transfers, and the perceived benefits and constraints associated with operating with zones. We also examine the functioning of the EPZA and the bureaucratic structure surrounding the operation of zones.

Suggested Citation

  • Abel Kinyondo & Carol Newman & Finn Tarp, 2016. "The role and effectiveness of Special Economic Zones in Tanzania," WIDER Working Paper Series 122, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2016-122
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    File URL: https://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/wp2016-122.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:oup:jafrec:v:26:y:2017:i:1:p:93-118. is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Johansson, Helena & Nilsson, Lars, 1997. "Export processing zones as catalysts," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2115-2128, December.
    3. Carol Newman & John Page, 2017. "Industrial clusters: The case for Special Economic Zones in Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 015, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Antonio Cruz & Carol Newman & John Rand & Finn Tarp, 2017. "Learning by Exporting: The Case of Mozambican Manufacturing," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 26(1), pages 93-118.
    5. Newman, Carol & Rand, John & Talbot, Theodore & Tarp, Finn, 2015. "Technology transfers, foreign investment and productivity spillovers," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 168-187.
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    Cited by:

    1. Carol Newman & John Page, 2017. "Industrial clusters: The case for Special Economic Zones in Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 015, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Leon, Dorian, 2017. "Breve análisis de los efectos del crecimiento económico en la disminución de la pobreza de Tanzania, Mozambique y Vietnam
      [A brief analysis of the effects of economic growth on poverty reduction in
      ," MPRA Paper 77474, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Mar 2017.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic zones; performance; public policy; Tanzania;

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